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Chapter 3 Anthropology Cram Cheat Sheet by

anthro

Important Terms

Term
Defi­nit­ion
Ethnog­raphic Fieldwork
a research strategy that involves living and intera­cting with a community of people over an extended period of time.
Salvage Ethnog­raphy
Franz Boaz; used to study cultural, lingustic, material and biological inform­ation about Native popula­tions being devastated by coloni­zat­ion.
Partic­ipant Observ­ation
a research method that involves the anthro­pol­ogist inte­racting and living with the people of the culture they are studying.
Key Informant
a community member who advises anthro­pol­ogist on community issues, they also warn them about cultural miscues.
Kinship Analysis
a fieldwork strategy that examines the interl­ocking relati­onships built on power.
Etic Perspe­ctive
An outs­ide observer's perspe­ctive on a culture.
Emic Perspe­ctive
A cultural insi­der's perspe­ctive on their culture.
Inters­ubj­ect­ivity
The realiz­ation that knowledge about other people emerges out of relati­onships and percep­tions indivi­duals have with each other.
Headnotes
Mental notes
Geneal­ogical method
A systematic method­ology for reco­rding kinship relati­ons and how kin terms are used in different societies.
Ethnoh­istory
The study of cultural change in societies and periods for which the community had no written histories or historical docume­nts.
Rapid Appraisal
Short-­term, focused ethnog­raphic research, typically lasting no more than a few weeks.
Partic­ipatory Action
A research method in which data/r­esearch questions are defined through collab­oration between the researcher and the subjects of research. Goal: Take action on their primary problems.
 

Reviewing the Chapter

Ques­tion
What We Know
What distin­guishes ethnog­raphic fieldwork from other types of social research?
The ability to conduct fieldwork and to live with the commun­ities they were studying for long periods of time provides more insight on what the people do/lif­estyles for what they are.
How do anthro­pol­ogists do ethnog­raphic fieldwork?
Becoming involved (parti­cipant observ­ation); asking the people questions (inter­views); taking notes
What other methods do cultural anthro­pol­ogists use?
Compar­ative method; geneal­ogical method; life histories; ethnoh­istory; rapid apprai­sals; action research.

Homework 3: Modern Ethnog­raphy

Describe where the anthro­pol­ogist studying Haitian immigrants in the US first began her research.
Research begins at Dorche­ster, MA at a Haitian refugee social service.
What is the primary question that the student studying artisan cheese makers is asking?
She is studying how different people make cheese and what defines them as experts or artisan cheese­makers.
The anthro­pol­ogist resear­ching methods in marine biology has a very specific set of questions. His research may be important factor in explaining climate change (and other issues related to oceans) to the general public. How?
Because his research is executed in a qualit­ative manner, it may be easier for the public to process his explan­ation of climate change and it's effects on their ocean, whereas the marine biologist is more scientific and quanti­tative with his explan­ations.

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