Show Menu

Chapter 5 Anthropology Cram Cheat Sheet by

anthropology

Terms

Terms`
Defini­tions
Global­ization
The cross-­cul­tural intera­ctions provoked by the rapid movement of money, people, goods, images and ideas within nations and across borders.
Diffus­ionists
Early 20th Century Boasian anthro­pol­ogyists who believed that cultural charac­ter­istcs result from either internal historical dynanism or a spread of cultural attributes from other societ­ies.
Transn­ational
Relati­onships that extend beyond nation­-state bounda­ries.
World Systems theory
The theory that capi­talism has expanded on the basis of unequal exchange throughout the world create a global market and global division of labor.
Postco­lon­ialism
The field that studies the cultural legacies of coloni­alism and imperi­alism.
Push-Pull Factors
The social, economic and political factors that "­pus­h" people to migrate from their homes and that "­pul­l" them to host countries.
Transn­ational Community
A spatially extended social network that spans multiple countries.
Locali­zation
The creation and assertion of highly partic­ular, place-­based identities and commun­ities.
Develo­pment anthro­pology
Applic­ation of anthro­pol­ogical knowledge to the practical aspects of shaping and implem­enting develo­pment projects.
Anthro­pology of develo­pment
The field of study within anthro­pology concerned with unders­tanding the cultural conditions for proper develo­pment, or the negative impacts of develo­pment projects.
Cultural Imperi­alism
The promotion of one culture over others.
World culture
Norms and values that extend across national boundaries
Hybrid­ization
Persistent cultural mixing that has no predet­ermined direction or end-point.
Multi-­sited ethnog­raphy
An ehtnog­raphic research strategy of following connec­tions, associ­ations, and putative relati­onships from place to place.

Homework Questions (#5 Race in Latin America)

How do the people of Haiti and the Dominican Republic see themse­lves, racially?
The Dominican Republic citizens are proud of their mixed races and Spanish heritages, and they actually deny having African descent because they view that Spain as their mother­land. whereas the Haitians are proud of their black heritage and race. The Haitians don’t whitewash their history. They are also proud of their vodou religion.
How does the host see the races of each country?
The host saw the Dominican Republic citizens as primarily black despite the names they call themselves to dissociate their African identities with their Dominican identi­ties.
How does each country's history influence their ideas of their own racial identity or ethnic affili­ations?
In Dominican Republic, the reason why most are quick to deny their African descent because Haiti’s twenty year occupation of DR had severe impacts on the people’s national identity. Because the Haitians enacted taxes on catholic churches, this angered the people of Dominican Republic, which forced them to distin­ctively separate themselves from the Haitians. The people of the Dominican Republic rejected all of Haitian culture, and to some extent, even their color.
What is your opinion of the divisions (econo­mic­ally, socially, politi­cally) on this small island shard by these two countries?
The Dominican Republic has the fastest growing economy in Latin America, whereas Haiti is still a very impove­rished nation. I think that this economic disparity exacer­bated the division between the two countries and definitely gives the Dominicans a nation­alistic pride. I also think that the two countries are very different because Haiti embraced their black founders and coloni­zers, whereas the Dominicans whitew­ashed their history. This can even be found during the period of anti-H­aitian politics; politi­cians would present themselves and the country as white as they could in order to distin­guish themselves from their predom­ina­tel­y-black neighbors. Person­ally, I don’t believe the white-­black (super­ior­-in­ferior) power dynamic was the reason for Domini­can’s whitew­ashing, rather it was the yearning to be completely opposite from Haiti that pushed whitew­ashing; however, that isn’t to say the Dominicans felt they were superior to Haitians because of their European lineage. It is intere­sting to observe how both countries, who were from some European descent, go about expressing (or repres­sing) their Africa­nism. The Haitians practiced Vodou while the Dominicans practiced Cathol­icism. With this cultural observ­ation alone, you are able to see how proud the Haitians are of their blackness because vodou is not as accepted, or validated, of a religion as Cathol­icism is. They disregard how other westerners may feel about vodou because they embrace their African culture, and it proves to them to be just as valid as their Catholic counte­rparts. Person­ally, I understand why their would be major divisions simply because they are two drasti­cally different countries. I don’t agree with resorting to violence, massacres, oppressive and discri­min­atory behaviors simply because of nation­alism.
 

Study Questions and Answers

Is the world getting smaller? (alluding to global­iza­tion)
In order to make sense of local cultures, you have to have an unders­tanding of political, economic and social conditions on a broader scale.
What are the outcomes of global integr­ations?
There is not an equal partic­ipation of intera­ctions that make up global­ization because it requires taking power relati­onships and social inequality seriously.
Doesn't everyone want to be developed?
With develo­pment comes hefty issues that concern socioe­conomic and cultural change.
If the world is not becoming homoge­nized, what is actually happening?
Global­ization is a compli­cated matter that illust­rates how people create and change their cultures through the connec­tions with others.
How can anthro­pol­ogists study global interc­onn­ect­ions?
Multi-­sited ethnog­raphy is one approach. It allows them to track the cultural themes as they express themselves in certain places and settings.

Study Questions Cont.

What is global­iza­tion?
Global­ization is the disint­egr­ation of the symbolic national borders through the use of the trans-­nat­ional intera­ctions (via social media, travelling and the gaining of more cultural awaren­ess). Intern­ational influences is global­ization in progress.
What techno­logical and cultural factors have contri­buted to global­iza­tion?
The widespread use of social media and normal­ization of handheld devices has greatly contri­buted to a larger unders­tanding of current events across the globe. The lack of access to this kind of technology can be detrim­ental to social progre­ssion because it keeps those people out of the loop. While this is seen promin­ently in developing countries, it can also be observed in impove­rished areas in developed countries as well. Not having access to internet hinders social growth.
Under what circum­stances would you trade connec­tivity for food?
Trading connec­tivity means giving up your access to stay in touch with current events and connec­tions with intern­ational relati­onships for the sake of food. If you weren't able to afford this kind of access, you would have to give it up in order to be able to afford ammenties that have a higher priority.
Apply anthro­pol­ogical unders­tan­dings of global­ization to identify and assess the winners and losers of global integr­ation.
The winners of global­ization are those who gain unprec­edented prospe­rity. The losers are those who are in the working class whose jobs have been shipped overseas or "­tak­en" by newer immigr­ants.
Define cultural conver­gence and hybrid­iza­tion. Is hybrid­ization occurring in American life? If not, why? If so, give an example and use the discussion of hybrid­ization from the book to make your case.
Cultural conver­gence is the theory that two cultures will become more like eachother as their intera­ctions increase. Hybrid­ization is the blending of different cultures into one. **Hybr­idi­zation is happening in American life, as we live in a country full of people who belong to different cultural groups. It can be seen in movies, social media.

Download the Chapter 5 Anthropology Cram Cheat Sheet

3 Pages
//media.cheatography.com/storage/thumb/astrogirl_chapter-5-anthropology-cram.750.jpg

PDF (recommended)

Alternative Downloads

Share This Cheat Sheet!

 

Comments

No comments yet. Add yours below!

Add a Comment

Your Comment

Please enter your name.

    Please enter your email address

      Please enter your Comment.

          Related Cheat Sheets

          More Cheat Sheets by astrogirl