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Gardening and Foraging (UK) Cheat Sheet by

Basic gardening. How to grow some of the veg we've planted, and an approximate calendar. Also basic foraging dates and links.
fruit     vegetables     food     cucumber     garden     tomato     greenhouse     lettuce     garlic     foraging     sloes

About This Cheat Sheet

This cheat sheet is based on my own (small) garden and greenh­ouse, in the south of the UK. Dates for other places will be different.
Also, I'm inexpe­rienced with gardening, so don't go taking any of this as gospel. YMMV.
Sugges­tions and tips very welcome!

How to Grow Cucumbers

Sow in Febr­uary, harvest from May to Octo­ber
Plant seed edgeways in 1cm deep compost.
Remove any male flowers (female flowers will have a miniature cucumber behind the flower).
Train main shoots onto 1.8m canes until they reach top of support, then pinch out growing point.
Feed your cucumber plants with a high potash feed every two weeks once the fruits begin to develop.
Once fruit begins to develop, pinch out end of each side shoot, leaving two leaves after each fruit.
Harvest early in the morning and before fruits produce seeds.

How to Grow Garlic

Aim to plant in Octo­ber. Buy bulb(s) in Sept­emb­er.
Turn over soil, remove weeds, add compost.
Make furrows about 3 inches deep and six inches apart.
Plant cloves about 4 inches deep and six inches apart, pointy side up.
Water in, then add some mulch, leaf compost or straw over the bed.
Shoots will appear in spring.
Early May, "­sca­pes­" will sprout - pull off (and eat).
Mid-to­-late Jun, plant will start turning brown. Stop watering.
Once plant is brown, except for top 5 or 6 leaves, dig up bulbs.
Cure with leaves on out of direct sunlight.

How to Grow Ginger

Plant and harvest in Marc­h/A­pril
Soak ginger overnight
Plant in rich, well-d­raining soil
Likes a sheltered spot, filtered sunlight, warm weather and humidity
Harvest ginger any time after leaves have died down
Freeze, or cut into chunks and store in brandy

How to Grow Runner Beans

Sow seeds end of April, plant in May, harvest from July to Octo­ber
Sow seed indoors, 4cm deep in a 7.5cm pot filled with multi-­purpose compost.
Water, place on a sunny windowsill to germinate.
Seedlings will be ready to plant after ~3 weeks.
Before planting, put in a cold frame or a cool porch for a few days to acclim­atise.
Beans will need support to climb - 8 foot bamboo poles are ideal.
Water heavily, twice a week in dry weather.
Harvest regularly - the more you pick, the more they produce!

How to Grow Strawb­erries

Plant in Spring or Autumn
Ideal for hanging baskets. Like rich, sandy soil and lots of heat and light.
Plant with crown above soil.
Feed with tomato feed every 10 days.
Use straw to keep fruit from contact with soil/c­ompost.
Harvest fruits as soon as ripe.
Strawberry plants should be replaced after three years.
Remove runners until after plant has cropped.
If growing runners, allow to get to 4 leaves then cut off and replant.
Don't let new runner plants flower in same year as planting.
Three types of strawb­erry:
- Alpines produce small sweet berries from July-S­ept­ember.
- Summer­-fr­uiting produce larger fruits in early and mid-su­mmer.
- Perpet­ual­-fr­uiting produce fruit early summer to early autumn.

How to Grow Tomatoes

Sow seeds in Marc­h/A­pril. Transfer seedlings in Apri­l/M­ay.
Grow with basil to deter aphids and mari­golds to deter whitefly.
Plan­ting
Sprinkle seeds over compost and cover with 1.5mm compost.
Transfer to pots when large enough to handle, without touching stem
Stake plants when ~18 inches tall (don't let ties cut into stems)
Pruning, Watering and Feeding
Remove sideshoots (don't leave a stump)
Lower leaves which show any signs of yellowing should also be removed
Remove leaves below first flower cluster
Remove growing tip when reaches top of support
Remove any more than 5-7 trusses
Water at same time of day every when needed
Feed regularly with high-p­otash plant food
 

Foraging Links

Identi­fying Berries

Foraging Tips

Don't mix pickings from different plants in same container where possible and take a photo of the source, to help confirm identity of plant if required.

To Do: January

Clean tools, greenh­ouse, patio ... :(

To Do: February

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              
Cucumber
 
Warmth

To Do: March

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              
Rocket
Ginger
Spinach
Ginger
Tomatoes
Potatoes

To Do: April

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              
Strawb­erries
 
Wild Garlic

To Do: May

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              
Strawb­erries
Cucumber
Pignuts

To Do: June

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              
Strawb­erries
Cucumber
Pignuts
  
Good King Henry
  
Fat Hen
  
Elderf­lower

To Do: July

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              
 
Cucumber
Good King Henry
 
Runner Beans
Fat Hen
 
Garlic

To Do: August

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              
Christmas New Potatoes
Cucumber
Blackb­erries
 
Runner Beans
Bilberries
  
Good King Henry
  
Fat Hen
  
Damsons

To Do: September

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              
 
Cucumber
Elderb­erries
 
Runner Beans
Blackb­erries
Buy Garlic Bulbs
 
Crab Apples

To Do: October

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              
Garlic
Runner Beans
Sloes
  
Crab Apples

To Do: November

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              
  
Sloes
  
Crab Apples
  
Rosehips

To Do: December

Plant              
Harv­est              
Forage              

Potato Planting and Harvesting

Crop
Plan­t From
Plan­t to
Harv­est­ ­After
First early potatoes
End Feb
Late May
10 weeks
Second early potatoes
March
Late May
13 weeks
Early maincrop potatoes
March
Late May
15 weeks
Maincrop potatoes
March
Mid May
20 weeks
Second cropping potatoes
Early August
End August
11 weeks

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Comments

Natalie Moore Natalie Moore, 03:43 30 Jun 14

Awesome, thanks :)

Natalie Moore Natalie Moore, 03:47 30 Jun 14

BTW I think this is also useful in the southern hemisphere, I am pretty sure its just + 6 months. I am sending a copy to my hubby who is a big green thumb I think he'll find it useful :) great idea for a cheat sheet :)

DaveChild DaveChild, 09:13 30 Jun 14

Thanks very much!

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