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10 Rights of Drug Administration Cheat Sheet by

Guidelines for administering drugs to patients
administration     healthcare     rights     medication


Unders­tanding and practicing the "10 Rights” of Drug Admini­str­ati­on" can prevent prevent medication errors and provide the patient will inform­ation to look for possible side effects due to the medica­tion.

1. Right Drug

Check and verify if it’s the right name and form. Beware of look-alike and sound-­alike medication names. Misreading medication names that look similar is a common mistake. These look-alike medication names may also sound alike and can lead to errors associated with verbal prescr­ipt­ions.
Check out The Joint Commis­sion’s list of look-a­lik­e/s­oun­d-alike drugs: http:/­/ww­w.i­smp.or­g/T­ool­s/c­onf­use­ddr­ugn­ame­s.pdf

2. Right Patien­t/R­esident

Ask the name of the client and check his/her ID band/b­racelet before giving the medica­tion. Even if you know that patient’s name, you still need to ask just to verify.

3. Right Dose

Check the medication sheet and the doctor’s order before medica­ting. Be aware of the difference of an adult and a pediatric dose.

4. Right Route

Check the order if it’s oral, IV, SQ, IM, etc..

5. Right Time and Frequency

Check the order for when it would be given and when was the last time it was given.

Medication Rights

6. Right Docume­ntation

Make sure to right the time and any remarks on the chart correctly.

7. Right History and Assessment

Secure a copy of the client’s history to drug intera­ctions and allergies.

8. Drug approach and Right to Refuse

Give the client enough autonomy to refuse to the medication after thoroughly explaining the effects.

9. Right Drug-Drug Intera­ction and Evaluation

Review any medica­tions previously given or the diet of the patient that can yield a bad intera­ction to the drug to be given. Check also the expiry date of the medication being given.

10. Right Education and Inform­ation

Provide enough knowledge to the patient of what drug he/she would be taking and what are the expected therap­eutic and side effects

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