1. Organized, Teacher-in-Charge classroom environment
2. Start beginning of the school year insuring that all students know what to expect in the classroom.
3. Establish a set of classroom rules, four or five that are specific and easy to understand.
i. Display the rules in the classroom, so everyone can see what they are.
ii. A handout of rules for high school students maybe more appropriate than posting them in the classroom
4. Create a Systematic Discipline Plan that explains exactly what will happen when students choose to misbehave. Remember an effective discipline plan is applied to all students fairly and is based around positive reinforcement.
i. The Discipline Plan is created by the teacher to fit the grade and the classroom needs.
ii. Establish a maximum of "Five Consequences for Misbehavior" (examples):
a. First time student breaks rule: student is warned
b. Second time: student has 5 minute timeout
c. Third time: student has a 10 minute timeout
d. Fourth time: teacher calls the parent
e. Fifth time: the student goes to the principal
iii. Some teachers write names on the chalkboard (Canter suggests a clipboard) and use check marks, where others have students in a time out at the second infraction. The use of proximity and moving misbehaving student are very effective tools. When working with high school students, the teacher needs to develop age appropriate consequences.
iv. Put the Discipline plan in writing
a. Send written discipline plan home to parents.
a. Eliminates surprises if the teacher has to call home about a student who chooses to misbehave
b. Have the students and parents sign the plan
a Encourage parents to be active in their child's education
5. Remain Assertive (Gurcan and Tekin, n.d.)
i. Identify wants and feeling in interpersonal situations
ii. Verbalize wants and feelings in a straight forward manner
iii. Persist in stating wants and feelings
iv. Use firm tone of voice
v. Maintain eye contact when speaking
vi. Reinforce verbal statements with nonverbal gestures
6. Use Positive Reinforcement
i. Teach students desired behavior through modeling and positive verbal explanations
ii. Determine positive consequences for appropriate behavior
iii. Encourage students to take responsibility for their choices and behavior
a. Use verbal praise and positive repetition techniques
b. Incentive reward system (examples)
c. Send home notes of praise to show parents
d. Incentives for individual or group rewards