The world has moved beyond this model to the DSM V (although DSM IV-TR is still widely used), and one should be up to date regarding the latest diagnostics criteria for depression. this historical classification of symptoms remain a powerful for ABCD conceptualization of the problems.
Negative feelings toward self
Reduction in gratification
Loss of emotional attachments
Loss of mirth response
Self-blame and self-criticism
Distortion of body image
Paralysis of the will
Avoidance, escapist, and withdrawal wishes
Vegetative & Physical Manifestations
Loss of appetite (Anorexia)
Loss of libido
Previously, the DSM-IV organized each psychiatric diagnosis into five dimensions (axes) relating to different aspects of disorder or disability:
Axis I: All psychological diagnostic categories except mental retardation & personality disorder
Axis II: Personality disorders & mental retardation
Axis III: General medical condition; acute medical conditions & physical disorders
Axis IV: Psychosocial and environmental factors contributing to the disorder
Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning or Children's Global Assessment Scale for children & teens under the age of 18
With the advent of the DSM-5 in 2013, the APA eliminated the longstanding multiaxial system for mental disorders.
Common Axis Disorders
Common Axis I disorders include depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, ADHD, autism spectrum disorders, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and schizophrenia.
Common Axis II disorders include personality disorders: paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, dependent personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder; and intellectual disabilities.
Common Axis III disorders include brain injuries and other medical/physical disorders which may aggravate existing diseases or present symptoms similar to other disorders.
Caution: The DSM-IV-TR states,
because it is produced for the completion of federal legislative mandates, its use by people without clinical training can lead to inappropriate application of its contents. Appropriate use of the diagnostic criteria is said to require extensive clinical training, and its contents "cannot simply be applied in a cookbook fashion". The APA notes diagnostic labels are primarily for use as a "convenient shorthand" among professionals. The DSM advises laypersons should consult the DSM only to obtain information, not to make diagnoses, and people who may have a mental disorder should be referred to psychological counseling or treatment. Further, a shared diagnosis or label may have different causes or require different treatments; for this reason the DSM contains no information regarding treatment or cause. The range of the DSM represents an extensive scope of psychiatric and psychological issues or conditions, and it is not exclusive to what may be considered "illnesses".