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Dietary: Hospital Diets Cheat Sheet by

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Introd­uction

Here are the common types of food diets that are available in hospitals. In practice many times the diets need to be combined for patients that have multiple condit­ions. Skilled nursing facilities typically offer a subset of these diets for their residents.

Diets

Diso­rde­r/C­ond­ition
Reco­mmended Diet
Acid & Alkali Ingestion
NPO
Acute Cholec­ystitis
NPO to rest the gallbl­adder
Acute Intestinal Obstru­ction
NPO
Acute renal disease
Low Protein, high-c­alorie, fluid-­con­tro­lled, sodium­-co­ntr­olled, potass­ium­-co­ntr­olled
Chronic renal disease
Low Protein, low-so­dium, fluid-­res­tri­cted, potass­ium­-re­str­icted, phosph­orous restricted
Cirrhosis with hepatic insuff­iciency or enceph­alo­pathy
Low Protein, sodium­-re­str­icted, fluid-­res­tricted
Consti­pation
High-fiber and increased fluids
COPD
Soft, high-c­alorie, low-CHON, high-fat, small frequent feedings
Dengue Hemorr­hagic Fever
Avoid dark colored foods
Diabetes Insipidus
Low sodium
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic Diet (Well-­bal­anced diet)
Diarrhea
Liquid, low-fiber, regular, fluid & electr­olyte replac­ement
Gallbl­adder diseases
Low-fat, calori­e-r­est­ricted, high-p­rotein
Gastritis
Low-fiber, bland diet
Gouty Arthritis and Hyperu­ricemia
Low purine diet
Hepatitis
Regular, high-c­alorie, high-p­rotein
Hyperl­ipi­demias
Fat-co­ntr­olled, calorie restricted
Hypert­ension, heart failure, coronary artery diseases
Low-so­dium, calorie restri­cted, fat-co­ntr­olled
Kidney stones
Increased fluid intake
MAO-I Therapy
Tyramine restricted (preserved foods)
Nephrotic syndrome
Sodium­-re­str­icted, high-c­alorie, high-p­rotein, potass­ium­-re­str­icted
Obesity
Calori­e-r­est­ricted, high-fiber
Osteop­orosis
Increase in calcium
Pancre­atitis
Low-fat, regular, small, frequent feedings; tube feedings or total parenteral nutrition
Peptic ulcer
Bland
Perito­nitis
NPO
Pregnancy & Hypert­ension
Low salt, high calcium diet
Stroke
Mechanical soft, regular or tube feeding
Stroke
NPO
Systemic Lupus Erythe­matosus
Low salt diet
Underw­eight
High calorie- high protein
Vomiting
Replac­ement of fluid and electr­olytes
NPO: Nil per os (alter­nat­ively nihil/­non­/nulla per os) (npo or NPO) is a medical instru­ction meaning to withhold oral food and fluids from a patient for various reasons. It is a Latin phrase whose usual English expansion is nothing by mouth (most literally, "­nothing through the mouth").

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