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Educational Scaffolding Cheat Sheet by

What is Educat­ional Scaffo­lding?

Education Scaffo­lding is an instru­ctional technique where the teacher models the desired learning strategy or task and gradually shifts respon­sib­ilities to the students. Another way of scaffo­lding is when the teacher identifies a weakness in the child ‘s unders­tanding of the material presented in class and then supple­ments it with other materials or a different way of teaching.

History

The concept of scaffo­lding has been around for along time; however it has been discovered over the recent years. There is no definition for the term scaffo­lding except that it is used for education and educators. Around the Piaget time, Lev Vygotsky offered his views on child cognitive develo­pment. Vygotsky recommend an altern­ative stages of cognitive develo­pment. His socio-­cul­tural theory of develo­pment became a major influence in the field of psychology and education. The theory states that the child learns through social intera­ctions and their enviro­nment. Through out social intera­ction we learn about other cultures. Vygotsky added, human activities take place in a cultural setting and cannot be apart of these settings; as a result, our culture helps shape our cognition.

Educat­ional Scaffo­lding & Web-based Learning

"Like training wheels, computer scaffo­lding enables learners to do more advanced activities and to engage in more advanced thinking and problem solving than they could without such help". (NRC,2000)

Scaffo­lding is an important aspect of K-12 education. Yet, its usefulness far exceeds primary and secondary level education. Scaffo­lding is also an important part of web-based learning. Distance learning is distinct from tradit­ional education on a number of levels, but just like conven­tional teaching strate­gies, scaffo­lding can and should be an integral part of the design of most educat­ional websites.

Disadv­antages

The disadv­antage to this teaching style is the speed at which the student learns is not addressed. Effect­ively there are some students who will have a higher level of difficulty learning and performing a particular task than others. Those students who master their tasks while the others resist may find themselves discou­raged. This discou­rag­ement may also be a result of student having to wait to be redirected by the teacher or finding another student to help.
 

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The charac­ter­istics of educat­ional scaffo­lding

Scaffolding provides clear direct­ions. Scaffo­lding is a step by step instru­ction that leads the student on the right path. Designers should take a measurable act so the student would not get confused.
Scaffolding clarifies purpose. The activity should have a clear picture for each individual activity.
Scaffolding keeps students on task. The clear and neat structures help keep students focused and in the right direct­ions.
Scaffolding offers assessment to clarify expect­ations.
A measurable rubric and standards is set to define and assess each activity at the end of it to avoid confusion.
Scaffolding points students to worthy sources.
Scaffolding can reduce the waste of time by point the students to the right sites where he/she can dig deep for more exclusive or simple data.
Scaffolding reduces uncert­ainty, surprise and disapp­oin­tme­nt.
All the designs should be compre­hen­sible and clear of distra­ction that leads to frustr­ations.
Scaffolding delivers effici­ency.
A great design will eliminate boredom and will allow the student to accomplish a larger load of work in a small amount of time.
Scaffolding creates moment­ums.
Scaffolding will create energetic and focused class that will ponder on learning and unders­tan­ding. This will drive the class to study further more.

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