Perform daily foot care that includes inspecting the feet, washing with a pH-balanced cleanser (not soap) and drying well between the toes.
Prevent xerosis, dry scaling or fissuring skin of the feet by applying a good quality advanced moisturizing and nutritional cream after drying the feet. Do not apply it between the toes, due to increaseg likelihood of fugal manifestation.
Avoid soaking the feet. This is never recommended, even for those who do not have diabetes.
Wear clean socks that wick moisture away from the skin
Wear clean socks with no seams or mended areas to avoid irritation or cause pressure.
Avoid wearing shoes without stockings or socks, and do not wear sandals with thongs between the toes, or flip flops.
Visit a health care professional for foot care of toenails, corns and calluses.
Reduce pressure on bony prominences, especially on the foot.
Avoid over-the-counter medications for corns and calluses, antiseptic solutions and adhesive tape.
Avoid crossing the legs.
Avoid cold and hot temperature extremes.
Avoid external heat sources, including heating pads, hot water bottles, hydrotherapy and other hot surfaces.
Follow-up with a health care provider on a routine basis.
Keep diabetes under control.
Notify the provider immediately if a sore, blister, cut or scratch develops.
Consider referral to an appropriate dietician or nutritionist.
Be aware of poor eyesight and its affect on the overall self care of the resident.