Home Health Aide Basic Skills (HHA) Cheat Sheet by Davidpol
Health Aide Basic Care Skills
aid health skills caregiver
Provides health care tasks, personal hygiene services, housekeeping tasks and other related support services essential to the client’s health and quality of life.
Observes, records and reports all changes to their supervisor. HHA must demonstrate competence in performing the necessary skills to follow the client's plan of care.
Diabetes Glucose Testing
a. Washes hands
b. Explains procedures to client
c. Calibrates machine/stripes as indicated
d. Do not use Alcohol Prep
e. Performs Glucose Texting properly
f. Knows normal range for blood sugar
g. Knows actions to take for abnormal blood sugar readings.
h. Understands text device error messages, what it means and how to proceed.
Taking Resident Temperature
a. Rectal 99.6
b. Oral 98.6 F
c. Axillary (digital thermometer)
Taking pulse (radical). Able to locate pedal, cartoid
Blood Pressure; uses stethoscope
Weight & Height measurement
Giving Bed Baths
Following the order below.
a. Prepare client for the bath
b. Fill with the appropriate Water Temperature.
c. Soap used and rinsed off thoroughly
d. Skin dried thoroughly
e. Lotion applied appropriately
f. Client dressed, hair combed
g. Client kept warm throughout
Giving Sponge/Tub/Shower Baths
a. Follow all steps listed above in bed bath
b. Transfer client safely in and out of the shower or tub
c. Allow clients to assist when and as they are able
Gives a Shampoo in Sink/Tub/Bed
a. Positions client appropriately.
b. Protects clothing from getting wet.
c. Avoids getting shampoo/water on clients face.
d. Rinses & dries hair.
e. Combs hair.
f. Keeps client warm & comfortable throughout the shampooing.
a. Nails cleaned gently with proper tool- brush, orange stick
b. Hands/ feet soaked prior to cleaning and trimming
c. Nails trimmed/ filed to safe length
d. Diabetics nails never trimmed
Provides oral hygiene as appropriate for each client:
a. Washes dentures
b. Brushes teeth or offers client necessary supplies to brush teeth
c. Rinses clients mouth/ uses toothettes as needed
d. Observes for any break in mucous membranes
a. Observes skin condition
b. Applies lotion
c. Massages bony prominences and redden areas
d. Ensures linens are wrinkle free
Toileting & Elimination
a. Proper positioning, use of bed pan & emptying
b. Proper positioning, use of urinal & emptying
c. Provides privacy
d. Catheter care- measures and record intake & output volumes
1. Assist/Peparing meals
2. Serving the food.
3. Assisting client with eating including using special utensils.
4. Record the percentage of the meal consumed.
Medication & Devices
a. Assists with medication as specified on plan of care
b. Assists with treatment as per the plan of care
c. Assists with medical devices (e.g. Catheter, O2 tanks/machines)
d. Records task on medication and treatment administration records.
e. Notifies supervisor for any missed tasks.
Safe Ambulation & Transfer Techniques
a. Uses good body techniques/mechanics to prevent injury.
b. Makes environment safe for ambulation.
c. Locks wheels on wheelchair & beds as needed.
d. Insures client wears non- skid footwear.
e. Used gait belt correctly, as needed.
f. Properly supports client throughout procedure w/o unnecessary pulling/jerking.
g. Heel cord steel.
Proper Extremity Support During Exercise
Performs proper positioning & body alignment for the following positions:
a. On back(props heals of bed; keep weight of blanket off toes; only one pillow under head, use wedge for propping due to respiratory condition; props hands with pillows)
b. Side lying (smaller pillow at head; small pillow/blanket between knees; pillow support to back)
c. Turns client properly without unnecessary pulling/ jerking
d. Moves client up in bed without unnecessary pulling/jerking
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