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International Socialist Principles V.4 Cheat Sheet by

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Solidarity between North and South

83. Economic develo­pment is unques­tio­nably a priority for the South. This is not to say that there is a simple formula for ending poverty in the developing countries, be it socialist in origin or not. Economies need a reduction in trade barriers, improved access to markets and the transfer of techno­logy. They need the opport­unity to develop their own scientific resources - for example, in the area of biotec­hnology - and to end dependence on second­-hand techno­logies.

84. Where the poorer countries are concerned, tradit­ional develo­pment assistance remains vital. Many of them, in different regions of the world, need land reforms, incentives to farmers to achieve a sustained food supply, and support for cooper­ative traditions within their rural cultures. But, increased food production alone will not end hunger and famine. Sadly, in some cases, an increase in export agricu­lture can destroy tradit­ional patterns of food supply, at one and the same time adding to farm output and hunger. It must be the task of the political system to guarantee both the right to food and employ­ment.

85. The debt crisis has led to a net financial flow away from developing countries to indust­ria­lised ones. The UN develo­pment target of 0.7% of GNP in official develo­pment assist­ance, which is twice the current rate, must be achieved without delay. Intern­ati­onally coordi­nated efforts are urgently needed to alleviate the burden of the external debt of developing countries.

86. Programmes of cooper­ation with the South must support develo­pment goals which relate to economic growth as well as a fair distri­bution of income. Aid programmes must focus on the develo­pment of the poorest groups. They should help to transform stulti­fying social structures and improve the situation of women in society. Specific programmes for children are of the greatest import­ance. Assistance through cooper­atives and popular movements serves to promote democratic develo­pment.

87. A broadly based approach to develo­pment is also an important factor in stemming the massive tide of migration to the big cities of the South, many of which are threatened by uncont­rol­lable population growth and are becoming huge megapo­litan slums.
 

Solidarity Continued

88. Enhanced South-­South relations form an important path for economic progress. A substa­ntial growth in trade between the nations of the South will contribute to their well-being and will enhance their prospects of dealing with the crises which arise from dramatic changes in production and occupa­tional struct­ures. Close economic links and rapidly growing markets in the developing world are a vital prereq­uisite of any positive develo­pment of the world economy.

89. An open world economy can stimulate develo­pment in the South. But it can also bring vulner­abi­lity. Thus, the North should not pursue economic and trade policies which impose drastic reductions in living standards and erode the bases of stable democracy.

90. Inequality and dictat­orship are the enemies not only of human rights, but also of genuine develo­pment. Social and economic democracy cannot be regarded as luxuries which only the rich countries can afford. Rather, they are necessary for any country to make progress on the road of develo­pment. That is why the streng­thening of democratic socialism in the South is so crucial. In this context the recent expansion of the Socialist Intern­ational in the South, especially in Latin America and the Caribbean, is a good omen for both North and South alike.

91. Ending poverty in the South is also a common project for the North. It can promote disarm­ament, and create both wealth and jobs in the advanced as well as the developing countries. This is central to the strategy of socialists in dealing with wide-r­anging economic change during a period of crisis and transition at world level. It is also an integral part of democratic socialist proposals for new economic and social structures which can bring the world peacefully and prospe­rously into the 21st century.

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