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Joint Movements Types Cheat Sheet by

How to remember Joint Movement Types
medical     joint     mnemonic     movements

Mnemonic: FEED PIPE CARD SHARP

Flexion
Extension
Eversion
Do­rsi­flexion
Circumduction
Abduction
Rotation
De­pre­ssion
Pronation
Inversion
Plantarflexion
El­evation
Supination
Hyperextension
Adduction
Retraction
Pr­otr­action

Joint Actions and Movement

1. FLEXION AND EXTENSION Flexion* Decreasing the angle of the joint Extension – Increasing the angle of the joint Example: bending the knee or elbow Example: straig­htening the knee or elbow
2. ABDUCTION AND ADDUCTION Abduct­ion: Any movement of a body part away from the midline of the body Example: Lifting arms out to the side Adduction – any movement of a body part towards the midline of the body Example: Bringing arms back towards the body
3. CIRCUM­DUC­TION: Movement at the end of the bone in a circular motion Generally will occur at the ends of the arms or legs (limbs) Example: Drawing a circle in the air with your fist (straight arm)
4. ROTATI­ON: Any movement of a body part around a central axis This can occur at the shoulder or hip (ball/­socket joints) or the neck Example: Turning the head from side to side.
5. PRONATION AND SUPINATION Pronat­ion: Rotation of the hand so the thumb moves toward the body’s midline Supination – rotation of the hand so the thumb moves away from the body’s midline Example – palms facing down Example – palms facing up
6. INVERSION AND EVERSION Invers­ion: Movement of the sole of the foot toward the body’s midline Eversion – movement of the sole of the foot away from the body’s midline Example: twisting the ankle in Example: twisting the ankle out
7. DORSI AND PLANTAR FLEXION Dorsi Flexion: decreasing the angle of the joint between the foot and lower leg Plantar Flexion – increasing the angle of the joint between the foot and lower leg. Example: raising the toes upwards Example: pointing the toes to the ground
8. ELEVATION AND DEPRESSION Elevat­ion­" movement of the shoulders towards the head Example: shrugging shoulders Depression – movement of the shoulders away from the head Example: returning the shoulders to normal position (after shrugging)
 

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