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Marx & Engels: Ten Steps to Communism Cheat Sheet by

Marx's and Engel's Ten Steps to Communism
steps     engels     marx     communism

The First Step in the Revolution

"... the first step in the revolution by the working class is to raise the prolet­ariat to the position of ruling class, to establish democracy.

The prolet­ariat will use its political supremacy to wrest by degrees all capital from the bourge­oisie, to centralize all instru­ments of production in the hands of the state, i.e., of the prolet­ariat organized as the ruling class, and to increase the total of productive forces as rapidly as possible.

Of course, in the beginning this cannot be effected except by the means of despotic inroads on the rights of property and on the conditions of bouregois produc­tion; by means of measures, therefore, which appear econom­ically insuff­icient and untenable, but which, in the course of the movement outstrip themse­lves, necess­itate further inroads upon the old social order, and are unavoi­dable as a means of entirely revolu­tio­nizing the mode of produc­tion.

These measures will, of course, be different in different countries.

Nevert­heless, in the most advanced countries the following will be pretty generally applic­able:

The Ten Steps

1. Abolition of property in land and applic­ation of all rents of land to public purpos­es.

2. A heavy progre­ssive or graduated income tax.

3. Abolition of all right of inheri­tan­ce.

4. Confis­cation of the property of all emigrants and rebels.

5. Centra­liz­ation of credit in the hands of the State, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopo­ly.

6. Centra­liz­ation of the means of commun­ication and transport in the hands of the State.

7. Extension of factories and instru­ments of production owned by the State; the bringing into cultiv­ation of waste-­lands, and the improv­ement of the soil generally in accordance with a common plan.

8. Equal liability of all to labor. Establ­ishment of industrial armies, especially for agricu­ltu­re.

9. Combin­ation of agricu­lture with manufa­cturing indust­ries; gradual abolition of the distin­ction between town and country, by a more equable distri­bution of the population over the country.

10. Free education for all children in public schools. Abolition of children’s factory labor in its present form. Combin­ation of education with industrial produc­tion, &c., &c.

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