Observed Learning Outcome Taxonomy (SOLO) Cheat Sheet by Davidpol
learning solo observed outcomes
Introduction to SOLO
One model that might prove more useful is the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) taxonomy. It describes levels of increasing complexity in a learner's understanding of subjects (Biggs, Collis, 1982). It aids both trainers and learners in understanding the learning process.
Order of Understanding
The model consists of five levels in the order of understanding:
Prestructural - The learner doesn't understood the lesson and uses a much too simple means of going about it—the learner is unsure about the lesson or subject.
Unistructural - The learner's response only focuses on one relevant aspect—the learner has only a basic concept about the subject.
Multistructural - The learner's response focuses on several relevant aspects but they are treated independently—the learner has several concepts about the subject but they are disconnected. Assessment of this level is primarily quantitative.
Relational - The different aspects have become integrated into a coherent whole—the learner has mastered the complexity of the subject by being able to join all the parts together. This level is what is normally meant by an adequate understanding of a subject.
Extended Abstract - The previous integrated whole may be conceptualized at a higher level of abstraction and generalized to a new topic or area—the learner is now able to create new ideas based on her mastery of the subject.
Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO)
ADDIE Model (Generic Instructional Framework)
The ADDIE model is a framework that lists generic processes that instructional designers and training developers use. It represents a descriptive guideline for building effective training and performance support tools in five phases.
Solo & ADDIE
SOLO not only shows the instructors how the learners are progressing, but also the learners themselves. It does this by putting the processes in squares. You start in the center square (Uni-structural) and work outwards (Multi-structural, Relational, and finally Extended Abstract).
This example shows the concept of ADDIE. It starts with learning facts and ends with being able to create a learning process or training using ADDIE.
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