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Physical Development Milestones Cheat Sheet by

Children Early Age Development Milestones
development     child     milestones

Introd­uction

Physical develo­pment in young children, usually mean two things: the process by which children grow physic­ally, and their increasing skill at performing a range of various motor tasks, using their large and small muscles. As their large muscles develop, children go from rolling over to riding a tricycle. As their small muscles develop, children go from grasping a rattle to stringing beads or writing.

This document will give you some inform­ation about what children are typically doing at various ages and stages in their physical develo­pment. It is only a guideline and some children mature slower or faster. If the child is seriously off in their develo­pment profes­sional advise should be sought.
Important: Inform­ation mentioned here under Physical Develo­pment can also have an impact on Cognitive Develo­pment as well as Social and Emotional Develo­pment

Birth to 12 Months

The first year of life is a time of rapid growth and develo­pment in the physical area. During this time children are developing the physical skills they need in order to explore and learn from their enviro­nment. Physical develo­pment centers on large and small muscle develo­pment.

By 4 months:

· Grasps rattle or finger
· Lifts head and chest when lying on stomach
· Rolls over
· Sits with support

By 8 months:

· Drinks from cup with help
· Gets on hands and knees in a crawling position
· Rolls from back to stomach and stomach to back
· Sits without support for a short time
· Uses finger and thumb to pick up objects
 

By 12 months:

· Crawls
· Begins to take some steps
· Pulls to stand
· Reaches for and grasps objects
· Reeds themselves a cracker
· Rolls a ball
· Removes puzzle pieces
· Sits indepe­ndently
· Turns multiple pages in a book

12 to 18 Months

This stage is an exciting time for parents and children. Most children have mastered basic movement skills and are working on refinement of those. During this period most children will be able to:
· Stand alone, sit down, walk indepe­ndently
· Creep up and down stairs
· Throw a ball
· Pull off hat, socks
· Scribble with crayon
· Point to what they want
· Wave bye-bye and clap hands
· Use a spoon, with spilling

18 to 24 Months

Most physical milestones have been achieved at this time and physical growth is centered on further refinement of these skills. By the end of this time period the child may be able to:
· Drink from a cup
· Jump
· Kick a ball a short distance
· Manipulate buttons to make toys work
· Open cabinets and boxes
· Ride a tricycle by pushing with their feet
· Run with some falling
· Scribble with more control
· Stack a few blocks
· Walk up steps with help
· Walk well; even or uneven ground
 

24 to 36 Months (2-3 Years)

This is a time of great indepe­ndence and growth. Physical skills are constantly being refined as the child explores his enviro­nment and expands his world. Most children of this age will be able to:
· Attempt to catch a large ball
· Climb a ladder onto a low slide
· Copy a circle using a crayon
· Dress themselves with assistance
· Feed themselves using a spoon and fingers
· Run with little falling
· Pedal a tricycle
· Put on shoes
· Walk up and down stairs by holding the rail

36 to 48 Months (3-4 Years)

Children this age are constantly on the move! Most of them can maneuver through their enviro­nment indepe­ndently and are constantly on! Skills at this time may include:
· Climbing on outdoor play equipment easily
· Catching a six inch ball
· Cut along a line with scissors
· Dressing themselves without much help
· Feeding themselves indepe­ndently using a spoon, fork and dinner knife
· Pedaling and steering a tricycle skillfully
· Grasp a pencil to copy lines or circles
· Running, jumping, hopping and skipping around obstacles with ease

Pre-Ki­nde­rga­rtners (4-5 years

Children's precision of motion improves signif­ica­ntly. Most are able to:
· Build a tall tower of blocks
· Drive pegs into holes
· Draw crosses and circles
· Manipulate clay by making balls, snakes, etc.
Children are now more confident, and most are able to:
· Walk backwards
· Jump forward many times without falling
· Jump on one foot
· Walk up and down stairs without assist­ance, altern­ating feet
· Turn somers­aults
Children develop skills that will help them as they enter school and begin writing. Most can:
· Use safety scissors
· Cut on a line contin­uously
· Copy squares and crosses
· Print a few capital letters

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