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Prepare for an Active Shooter Situtation Cheat Sheet by

Prepare for an Active Shooter Situtation
emergency     preparation     active     response     shooter

Introd­uction

IAHSS experts offered seven steps that leaders can take to better prepare their instit­utions for an active shooter:

Steps

1. Assess risks and vulner­abi­lit­ies: Those can include performing annual risk assess­ments, determ­ining potential vulner­abi­lities, developing emergency plans and forming teams to assess potential threats.
2, Prevention and respon­se: Understand what actions it would take to keep a threat at bay, and your ability to perform them, and to stabilize the situation while transi­tioning to recovery. Who is part of your crisis response team if a situation snowballs?
3. Reducing workplace violen­ce: Train for whatever potential incidents may arise, and then press forward with even harder challe­nges. Work in concert with security and emergency manage­ment, and gain leadership support early in the process.
4. Plan a mock drill exercise and traini­ng: Such as demons­trating your ability to manage casual­ties, practicing your response to the media, and putting in place an employee support plan.
5. Collab­orate with outside law enforc­eme­nt: Understand the availa­bility of external responders who may assist in an emergency, and ensure that they have given input into your planning process.
6. Commun­ication and crisis awaren­ess: Hospitals must use common terms for first responders to avoid confusion, and test their incident command system as frequently as possible. IAHSS experts also urged hospitals to use the three-step response of runnin­g/e­scape if possible, hiding if not, and fighting the attacker only as a last resort.
7. Recovery and debrie­fing: This last step would include preparing to speak with the media, compiling “after action” reports, staying in constant commun­ication with staff and patients, and determ­ining which spaces should stay closed and for how long
 

Profile of an Active Shooter

An active shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting
to kill people in a confined and populated area, typically through the use of firearms.
CHAR­ACT­ERI­STICS OF AN ACTIVE SHOOTER SITUAT­ION
• Victims are selected at random
• The event is unpred­ictable and evolves quickly
• Law enforc­ement is usually required to end an active shooter situation

Coping with An Active Shooter Situation

• Be aware of your enviro­nment and any possible dangers
• Take note of the two nearest exits in any facility you visit
• If you are in an office, stay there and secure the door
• Attempt to take the active shooter down as a last resort

How to Respond When Shooter is Active

1. EVACUATE
• Have an escape route and plan in mind
• Leave your belongings behind
• Keep your hands visible
2. HIDE OUT
• Hide in an area out of the shooter’s view
• Block entry to your hiding place and lock the doors
• Silence your cell phone and/or pager
3. TAKE ACTION
• As a last resort and only when your life is in imminent danger
• Attempt to incapa­citate the shooter
• Act with physical aggression and throw items at the active shooter

How to Respond When Police Arrive

• Remain calm and follow instru­ctions
• Put down any items in your hands (i.e., bags, jackets)
• Raise hands and spread fingers
• Keep hands visible at all times
• Avoid quick movements toward officers such as holding on to them for safety
• Avoid pointing, screaming or yelling
• Do not stop to ask officers for help or direction when evacuating

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