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Principles of Muslim Faith Cheat Sheet by

religion     muslim

Five Pillars of Din (Justice)

Faith: Shahada is a declar­ation of faith and trust that professes that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is God's messenger.
Pray­er:­Salat (ṣalāh) is the Islamic prayer. Salat consists of five daily prayers according to the Sunna; the names are according to the prayer times: Fajr (dawn), Dhuhr (noon), ʿAṣr (after­noon), Maghrib (evening), and ʿIshāʾ (night).
Char­ity­:Za­kāt or alms-g­iving is the practice of charitable giving based on accumu­lated wealth.
Repe­nte­nce­:Sawm: (Fasting) Three types of fasting (Siyam) are recognized by the Quran: Ritual fasting, fasting as compen­sation for repentance (both from sura Al-Baq­ara), and ascetic fasting (from Al-Ahzab).
Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca The Hajj is a pilgrimage that occurs during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah to the holy city of Mecca. Every able-b­odied Muslim is obliged to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their life.

Ismailis

Wala­yah­:Gu­ard­ian­ship Love and devotion to God, the prophets, the Imamah and the duʻāt ("mi­ssi­ona­rie­s").
Tawh­id: "­Oneness of God".
Sala­t:P­rayer Nizari Ismailis reason that it is up to the current imām to designate the style and form of prayer.
Zakā­t:C­har­ity with the exception of the Druze, all Ismaili madh'hab have practices resembling that of Sunni and Twelver Muslims with the addition of the charac­ter­istic Shia khums.
Sawm­:Re­pen­tence Nizari & Mustaali believe in both a metaph­orical and literal meaning of fasting.
Hajj: Visiting the imām or his repres­ent­ative and that this is the greatest and most spiritual of all pilgri­mages. The Mustaali maintain also the practice of going to Mecca. The Druze interpret this completely metaph­ori­cally as "­fleeing from devils and oppres­sor­s" and rarely go to Mecca.
Jihad or "­Str­ugg­le": "the Greater Strugg­le" and the "The Lesser Strugg­le".
A struggle against one's own soul; striving toward rightness, and sometimes as struggle in warfare.
 

Pillars of Shia Islam

Twel­ver Shia Islam has five Usul al-Din and ten Furu al-Din, the Shia Islamic beliefs and practices. The Twelver Shia Islam Usul al-Din, equivalent to a Shia Five Pillars, are all beliefs considered founda­tional to Islam, and thus classified a bit differ­ently from those listed above.

Five Pillars
Tawhid حيد‎ Monoth­eism: belief in the Oneness of God
'Adl دل‎, Divine Justice: the belief in the Almighty's justice.
Nubuwwah نبوة‎ Prophe­thood
Imamah إمامة Succession to thd Muhammad
Mi'ad معاد The Day of Judgment and the Resurr­ection

Ten practices that Shia Muslims must perform, called the Ancill­aries of the Faith (furūʿ al-dīn).
Sala­t:P­rayer صلاة Salat consists of the repetition of a unit called a rakʿah (pl. rakaʿāt) consisting of prescribed actions and words
Sawm صوم‎ fasting regulated by Islamic jurisp­rud­ence. In the termin­ology of Islamic law, sawm means to abstain from eating and drinking during daylight hours
Zakāt زكاة (Tithi­ng), similar to Sunni Islam, but only applies to cattle, silver, gold, dates, raisins, wheat, and barley, but not money.
Khums خمس an annual taxation of one-fifth (20%) of the gains that a year has been passed on without using. Khums is paid to the Imams; indirectly to poor and needy people.
Hajj حج "­pil­gri­mag­e") is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca.
Jihad جهاد Islamic term referring to the religious duty of Muslims to maintain the religion.
Amr-­bil­-Ma­roof ordering for acknow­ledged virtues.
Nahi Anil Munkar forbidding from sin.
Tawalla ت تولّى expressing love towards Good.
Tabarra تبرأ‎) expressing disass­oci­ation and hatred towards Evil.

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Comments

Cross the street neighbor Cross the street neighbor, 18:49 10 Aug 15

David. Consider this your first thank you. Yehuda

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