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Seven Principles of Good Practice (Education) Cheat Sheet by

principles     practice     good     teaching

Introd­uction

The Seven Principles of Good Practice, developed by Arthur Chickering and Zelda Gamson, are skills that teachers can use to improve their teaching as well as their students' learning. Originally published in 1987, these seven principles are the result of fifty years of research for evaluating teaching in higher education. They can be implem­ented in any learning enviro­nment.

1. Encourages Contact Between Students & Faculty

Regular contact between students and faculty improves students' learning. When faculty members reach out to students, and provide them with encour­age­ment, support and assist­ance, the students' motivation and commitment to their education increases.
Examples:
- Get to know the names of the students
- Maintain commun­ication with students, such as through email
- Make sure each student unders­tands the course goals and object­ives.

2. Develops Student Recipr­ocity & Cooper­ation

Develops Recipr­ocity and Cooper­ation Among Students
Providing opport­unities for students to work together on assign­ments teaches them about collab­oration and team work. They feel more involved when partic­ipating in a group. Also, as students share and listen to one another's viewpoints within the group, their own sense of unders­tanding deepens and their learning improves.
Examples:
- On the first day of class, have students get to know one another through games/­act­ivities
- Assign group projects
- Encourage students to study in groups as they prepare for exams

3. Encourages Active Learning

Students need more than just listening to the teacher's lectures and regurg­itating the teacher's words onto the examin­ations. They must become more active, engage in the learning process and be able to apply what they learn in the classroom to their every day lives. Students must be given opport­unities to analyze and evaluate their learning and to discuss their findings.
Examples:
- Assign students research projects
- Have students give presen­tations
- Provide opport­unities for students to partic­ipate in class, such as discus­sions
 

4. Gives Prompt Feedback

Continuous assessment is necessary for successful teaching and learning. By providing immediate constr­uctive feedback, teachers give students opport­unities to reflect on and improve their work.
Examples:
- Have students submit drafts of their papers before the final is due
- Return graded assign­ments as soon as possible (for example, one week after they were submitted)
- Write sugges­tions on improv­ement on students' work

Prompt Feedback Diagram

5. Emphasizes Time on Task

Teaching students to use their time effect­ively allows them to perform better in their learning.
Examples:
- Make sure students understand an assign­ment, so they don't waste their time figuring things out
- Explain to your students how much time you expect them to work on an assignment

6. Commun­icates High Expect­ations

Teachers need to set high expect­ations in their classr­ooms. With higher expect­ations, students place more effort in their work.
Examples:
- Tell students your expect­ations of the course
- Explain the conseq­uences when assign­ments are not completed

7. Respects Diverse Talents & Ways of Learning

Every classroom will consist of students with diverse learning styles, so it is vital to provide them with opport­unities to learn using the styles they are most comfor­table with. Also, presenting different learning styles may help students discover which technique works best for them.
Examples:
- Provide multiple options, students may use to complete an assignment
- Present inform­ation in a variety of ways

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