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Tampa Scale (17) for Kinesiophobia Cheat Sheet by

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Tampa Scale for Kinesi­ophobia


Kinesi­ophobia is an excessive, irrational and debili­tating fear of physical movement and activity resulting from a feeling of vulner­ability to painful injury or re-injury. The Tampa Scale for kinesi­ophobia (TSK) is a patien­t-r­eported outcome (PRO) measure designed to help identify kinesi­oph­obia. The original version of the TSK had 17 items. A 13-item version was later found to have better psycho­metric properties and was used in the present study. Although the TSK-13 has been widely studied, one shortc­oming is the lack of clinically meaningful score catego­ries. The objective of the present study was to develop severity levels to help aid clinical interp­ret­ation of TSK-13 scores
Reprinted from: Pain, Fear of moveme­nt/(re) injury in chronic low back pain and its relation to behavioral perfor­mance, 62, Vlaeyen, J., Kole-S­nijders A., Boeren R., van Eek H., 371. Copyright (1995) with permission from Intern­ational Associ­ation for the Study of Pain.


1. I’m afraid that I might injury myself if I exercise
2. If I were to try to overcome it, my pain would increase
3. My body is telling me I have something danger­ously wrong
4. My pain would probably be relieved if I were to exercise
5. People aren’t taking my medical condition seriously enough
6. My accident has put my body at risk for the rest of my life
7. Pain always means I have injured my body
8. Just because something aggravates my pain does not mean it is dangerous
9. I am afraid that I might injure myself accide­ntally
10. Simply being careful that I do not make any unnece­ssary movements is the safest thing I can do to prevent my pain from worsening
11. I wouldn’t have this much pain if there weren’t something potent­ially dangerous going on in my body
12. Although my condition is painful, I would be better off if I were physically active
13. Pain lets me know when to stop exercising so that I don’t injure myself
14. It’s really not safe for a person with a condition like mine to be physically active
15. I can’t do all the things normal people do because it’s too easy for me to get injured
16. Even though something is causing me a lot of pain, I don’t think it’s actually dangerous
17. No one should have to exercise when he/she is in pain
Scores: 1 = strongly disagree 2 = disagree 3 = agree 4 = strongly agree
A total score is calculated after inversion of the individual scores of items 4, 8, 12 and 16.

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