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Croatian Adjectives Cheat Sheet by [deleted]

Croatian adjectives
language     grammar     croatian

Basic Adjectives

brz fast
poznat well-­known
čist clean
pun full
dubok deep
skup expen­sive
dug long
slab weak
gotov ready, done
slan salty
jak strong
spor slow
jeftin cheap
star old
lijep nice
širok wide
loš bad
suh dry
ljut angry, spicy
velik big
mali small, little
visok high, tall
mlad young
vruć hot
nov new
zdrav healthy

Possessive Adjectives

moj my
naš our
tvoj your (single)
vaš your (group)
njegov his, its
njihov their
njen / njezin her
svoj reflexive (own)

Double forms of moj 'my'

 
masc.
neut.
NV
moj
moje
A
= N (inan.)
= G (anim.)
moje
G
            mojeg(a)
            mog(a)
DL
            mojem(u)
            mom(e) *
I
            mojim
feminine and plural forms are fully regular
shorter and longer masc. and neut. forms have no difference in meaning
adjectives tvoj 'your' and svoj 'one's own' have the same pattern
 

Basic Adjectives w/ Altern­ations

masc. N
oblique stem
dobar
dobr-
good
gladan
gladn-
hungry
hladan
hladn-
cold
kratak
kratk-
short
mokar
mokr-
wet
mračan
mračn-
dark, unlit
opasan
opasn-
dange­rous
plitak
plitk-
shallow
prazan
prazn-
empty
ružan
ružn-
ugly
sretan
sretn-
happy
stra­šan
stra­šn-
terrible
taman
tamn-
dark
tužan
tužn-
sad
umoran
umorn-
tired
važan
važn-
impor­tant
žedan
žedn-
thirsty
nizak
nisk-
low
sladak
slatk-
sweet
težak
tešk-
heavy, hard
uzak
usk-
narrow
bolestan
bolesn-
sick
mastan
masn-
greasy, fat
debeo
debel-
plump, fat
topao
topl-
warm

Colors

bijel white
plavi blue
crn black
siv gray
crven red
smeđ brown
ljub­ičast violet
zelen green
nara­nčast orange
žut yellow
 

Case Endings

 
fem.
masc.
neut.
N
-a
- / -i
-o
-e *
A
-u
= N (inan.)
= G (anim.)
= N
G
-e
            -og(a)
            -eg(a) *
DL
-oj
            -om(u/e)
            -em(u) *
I
-om
            -im
V
= N
-i
= N
2-4, both
-e
            -a
NV-pl
-e
-i
-a
A-pl
= N-pl
-e
= N-pl
G-pl
 
-ih
DLI-pl
 
-im(a)
* endings that have -e- instead of -o- are used for adjectives ending in Croatian-specific ("soft") consonants and in comparatives

some endings have optional end vowels, e.g. (a), usually left out
certain adjectives have always -i in N masc.

Specific forms of sav (sv-) 'all'

 
masc.
neut.
NV
sav
sve
A
= N (inan.)
= G (anim.)
sve
G
                  svega
DL
                  svemu
I
                  svim
feminine and plural forms are fully regular
colloquially, svo is also used in neuter

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