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Englisch - Zeitformen Cheat Sheet by

Englische Zeitformen für deutschsprachige Menschen
english     past     active     present     future     passive

Aktiv

Zeitform
Einfaches Aktiv
Verlau­fsform
Present Bildung
VV (3. Pers Singular "­s") :: Allgemeine Handlu­ngen, Zukunft (mit Zeit)
am | is | are + VV-ing :: gerade jetzt verlau­fende Handlu­ngen
Present
I build a house. I don't build a house. Do you build a house?
I am reading (now). Are you reading?
Past Bildung
VV-ed :: Vergangene Handlu­ngen, Zeitan­gaben Konjunktiv mit if
was | were + VV-ing :: gerade ablaufend zu einem Zeitpunkt in der Vergan­gen­heit
Past
I built a house last year. I didn't build a house last year. Did you build a house last year?
I was writing at that time. He was playing, when Bob came.
Present Perfect Bildung
have/has + VV-ed :: Abgesc­hlo­ssene Handlu­ngen, Ergebn­is.
have/has + been + VV-ing :: Allgemeine Handlungen die bis jetzt andaue­rn.
Present Perfect
I've built a house. It's ready. I haven't built a house. Have you built a house?
I've bee playing hockey since 1970.
Past Perfect Bildung
had + VV-ed :: In der Vergan­genheit abgesc­hlo­ssene Handlu­ngen
had + been + VV-ing :: Abgesc­hlo­ssene Handlung zu bestimmter Zeit
Past Perfect
I'd built a house 20 years ago. I hadn't built a house.Who had built the house?
In 1266 they had been figthing.
Fute Bildung
will + VV :: Zukünf­tiges
will + be + VV-ing :: Zukünf­tiges zu bestimmter Zeit
Future
I'll build a house. I won't build a house. Will you build a house?
I'll be having a tea at nine. I won't be watching that film at 9.
Future Perfect Bildung
will + have + VV-ed :: In der Zukunft abgesc­hlo­ssene Handlung zwischen jetzt und der Bezugszeit in der Zukunft
will + have + been + VV-ing :: Verlauf einer abgesc­hlo­ssenen Handlung in der Zukunft
Futre Perfect
I will have built it next year. I won't have built it.
I will have been finishing the work at 8.
VV = Vollverb

Passiv

Zeitform
Einfaches Passiv
Verlau­fsform
Present Bildung
am | is | are + VV-ed
am | is | are + being + VV-ed :: gleich eben jetzt im Passiv
Present
The house is built (now).
The lamp are being checked now.
Past Bildung
was | were + VV-ed
was | were + being + VV-ed
Past
The house was built last year. Was it built in 1980?
The house was being repaired. We were being controlled at 8.
Present Perfect Bildung
have | has + been + VV-ed
have | has + being + VV-ed
Present Perfect
The book has been published. Have they been caught by the police?
I've being treated badly.
Past Perfect Bildung
had + been + VV-ed
had + being + VV-ed
Past Perfect
The castle had been destroyed many years ago.
The castle had being built at a time, when ...
Future Bildung
will + be + VV-ed
will + being + VV-ed
Future
The burglar will be caught. The house will be built next year.
The test will being written at ... The race will being started at ...
Future Perfect Bildung
will + have + been + VV-ed
will + have + being + VV-ed
Future Perfect
The house will have been built next year. The room won't have been papered next week.
The work will have being finished. The car will just have being checked.
VV = Vollverb

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