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NURS 100: MIDTERM 1 Cheat Sheet by

nursing     health     healing

Social Determ­inants of Health

income and social status
employment and working conditions
health
culture
gender
physical enviro­nment
social enviro­nment
health child develo­pment
individual health services
social support network
health services
biologic and genetic endowment

FIVE LEVELS OF HEALTH CARE

health promotion
disease and injury prevention
diagnosis and treatment
rehabi­lit­ation
supportive care

THE FIVE HEALTH PROMOTION STRATEGIES

is multis­ect­orial
requires knowledge
supports a holistic approach
requires a long term perspe­ctive
health issues in context

THE FIVE HEALTH PROMOTION STRATEGIES

is multi-­sec­torial
supports holistic approaches
draws on knowledge from social, economic, political enviro­nments, medical and nursing sciences, as well as from first hand experience
addresses health issues in context
requires long term perspe­ctive
 

3 LEVELS OF PREVENTION

primary
activities conducted prior to pathog­enesis and symptoms (eg. immuni­zation)
secondary
promote early detection once pathog­enesis has began (eg. pap test)
tertiary
helps deal with symptoms and minimizes disabi­lities due to pathog­enesis (eg. rehabi­lit­ation)

FIVE STEPS OF THE NURSING ASSESSMENT

assessment
diagnosis
planning
interv­ention
evaluation

PREREQ­UISITES FOR HEALTH (JAKARTA)

empowe­rment of women
social relations
social security
respect of human rights
 

3 MODELS OF HEALTH CARE

medical approach
wester­nized concept of medicine, medical interv­ention is solution, mainly physio­logical illness
behavi­oural approach
health promotion and public health, health is based on health determ­inants of client and respon­sib­ility is on them
socio-­env­iro­nmental approach
health is closely tied to social structure

OTTAWA CHARTER HEALTH PROMOTION STRATEGIES

reorient health services
building health public policy
strengthen community action
develop personal skills
create supportive enviro­nments

FIVE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SERVICES

health promotion
prevention and treatment of illness, injury and disease
emergency essential services
inter-­agency / program referrals and coordi­nation
primary mental health, maternity, rehabi­lit­ation and palliative care

COMPONENTS OF COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT

people
community statistics and popula­tions data
structure
observe physical enviro­nment (eg. walking survey)
social systems
look online for inform­ation

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