Show Menu

Russian Verbs Cheat Sheet by

The basics of Russian conjugation including verbal aspect, moods and tenses
russiangrammar     russianverbs

Infinitive endings

-ть / -ти / -чь

Verbal Aspect (how the action takes place)

Imper­fective Aspect
Perfe­ctive Aspect
Describes action of a general nature, things in progress, and repetitive or habitual actions
Emphasizes completion of an action or have a restri­cted, focused meaning
Adverbs often used with imperf­ect­ives: всегд́а, каждый день, иногда́, часто́, обы́чно, и т.д.
Adverbs that suggest comple­tion: вдруг, наконе́ц, совсе́м, сра́зу, и т.д.
Note: the perfective aspect does not have a present tense (the present, by defini­tion, cannot be comple­ted).

Mnemonic: the Im­per­fective is In­finite (long period of time)

The Subjun­ctive Mood

бы + past tense of the verb
Expresses desire, fervent hope, hypoth­eses, contra­ry-­to-fact statements
Note: the perfective aspect is used for positive statements whereas the imperf­ective aspect is used for negative statem­ents.
N.B. "­бы" is sometimes shortened as "­б"
 

The Present Tense

 
Conj­ugation Class I (- е - type)
Conj­ugation Class II (-и- type)
я
-ю/(-у)
-ю/(-у)
ты
-ешь/-ёшь
-ишь
он (она́, оно́)
-ет/-ёт
-ит
мы
-ем/-ём
-им
вы
-ете/ёте
-ите
они́
-ют/(-ут)
-ят/(-ат)
Spelling rule: after г, к, х, ж and ч, -ю becomes -у and -я becomes -а.
Note: a lot of Russian verbs are irregu­lar.

The Past Tense (for both aspects)

Masculine (я,ты, он)
Stem + л
Feminine (я, ты, она́)
Stem + ла
Neuter (оно́)
Stem + ло
Plural (мы, вы, они́)
Stem + ли

The Imperative Mood

ты
-ай
вы
-айте
-ите
-ьте
Note: For the first person singular, use "­дав­ай" + infinitive (imper­fec­tiv­e)/or the 1st person singular of the future tense (perfe­cti­ve).
Note2: For the first person plural, use "­дав­айт­е" + infinitive (imper­fec­tiv­e)/or the 1st person plural of the future tense (perfe­cti­ve).
 

The Future Tense

 
Impe­rfe­ctive aspect
Perf­ective aspect
 
Used when there is a general statement in the future, an indication of duration or time, for politeness
Expresses the action as a complete event
я
бу́ду + infinitive
-ю/(-у)
ты
бу́дешь + infinitive
-ешь/-ёшь ; -ишь
он/ она́/оно́
бу́дет + infinitive
-ет/-ёт ; -ит
мы
бу́дем + infinitive
-ем/-ём ; -им
вы
бу́дете + infinitive
-ете/-ёте ; -ите
они́
бу́дут + infinitive
-ют/(-ут) ; -ят/(-ат)
Note: the future tense in the imperf­ective aspect is also known as the compound future

Reflexive Verbs (-ся- verbs)

Add -ся if the conjugated verb ends with a vowel
Add -сь if the conjugated verb ends with a consonant

Download the Russian Verbs Cheat Sheet

1 Page
//media.cheatography.com/storage/thumb/laghmanc_russian-verbs.750.jpg

PDF (recommended)

Alternative Downloads

Share This Cheat Sheet!

 

Comments

No comments yet. Add yours below!

Add a Comment

Your Comment

Please enter your name.

    Please enter your email address

      Please enter your Comment.