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search & replace

Basic search and replace
The :substitute command searches for a text pattern, and replaces it with a text string. There are many options, but these are what you probably want:

:%s/foo/bar/g
Find each occurrence of 'foo' (in all lines), and replace it with 'bar'.
:s/foo/bar/g
Find each occurrence of 'foo' (in the current line only), and replace it with 'bar'.
:%s/foo/bar/gc
Change each 'foo' to 'bar', but ask for confirmation first.
:%s/\<foo\>/bar/gc
Change only whole words exactly matching 'foo' to 'bar'; ask for confirmation.
:%s/foo/bar/gci
Change each 'foo' (case insensitive due to the i flag) to 'bar'; ask for confirmation.
:%s/foo\c/bar/gc is the same because \c makes the search case insensitive.
This may be wanted after using :set noignorecase to make searches case sensitive (the default).
:%s/foo/bar/gcI
Change each 'foo' (case sensitive due to the I flag) to 'bar'; ask for confirmation.
:%s/foo\C/bar/gc is the same because \C makes the search case sensitive.
This may be wanted after using :set ignorecase to make searches case insensitive.

Search range:

:s/foo/bar/g Change each 'foo' to 'bar' in the current line.
:%s/foo/bar/g Change each 'foo' to 'bar' in all the lines.
:5,12s/foo/bar/g Change each 'foo' to 'bar' for all lines from line 5 to line 12 (inclusive).
:'a,'bs/foo/bar/g Change each 'foo' to 'bar' for all lines from mark a to mark b inclusive (see Note below).
:'<,'>s/foo/bar/g When compiled with +visual, change each 'foo' to 'bar' for all lines within a visual selection. Vim automatically appends the visual selection range ('<,'>) for any ex command when you select an area and enter :. Also, see Note below.
:.,$s/foo/bar/g Change each 'foo' to 'bar' for all lines from the current line (.) to the last line ($) inclusive.
:.,+2s/foo/bar/g Change each 'foo' to 'bar' for the current line (.) and the two next lines (+2).
:g/^baz/s/foo/bar/g Change each 'foo' to 'bar' in each line starting with 'baz'.
Note: As of Vim 7.3, substitutions applied to a range defined by marks or a visual selection (which uses a special type of marks '< and '>) are not bounded by the column position of the marks by default. Instead, Vim applies the substitution to the entire line on which each mark appears unless the \%V atom is used in the pattern like: :'<,'>s/\%Vfoo/bar/g.

Delete

Cancellare
x X cancella carattere al, prima del cursore
dm cancella il testo del comando di movimento m
dd D cancella la riga, fino alla fine della riga corrente
J gJ unisci la riga corrente successiva, senza spazi
:rd↵ cancella il gruppo di righe r
:rdx↵ sposta il gruppo di righe r nel registro x

copying

"x usa registro x per la prossima cancellazione, copia
:reg↵ mostra il contenuto di tutti i registri
:reg x↵ mostra il contenuto del registro x
ym copia il testo del comando di movimento m
yy or Y copia la riga corrente nel registro
p P metti registro dopo, prima del cursore
]p [p come p, P con indentazione modificata
gp gP come p, P lasciando il cursore dopo nuovo testo

editing

refresh file
:edit
This means replace the end of line represented by $ with the string |.
:%s/$/|/
delete blank lines
:%s,\n\n,^M,g
:g/^$/d
:v/./d
delete all lines that are empty or that contain only whitespace characters
:g/^\s*$/d
:v/\S/d``

grepping & sorting

grep
:vimgrep
sort string
:{range}sort u
sort number
:sort n
sort after "|"
:sort /^.*|/

cut & paste

REGISTERS

Normal registers
a-z

Clipboard
+

Numbered registers
0 - last yanked text
1 - 9 last 9 deleted chunks of text

Copy
"<register>y<motion>
Paste
"<register>p

SYSTEM CLIPBOARD
Copy
"+y<motion>
Paste
"+p
 

buffer

The :b command can also take a substring of the name of the file
:b bar will switch to the bar file.
:b o will switch to the foo file.
:b a will give you an error because it could mean either bar or baz, but you can fix the name to be more specific with, for example, : ↑ r Enter.

This command can also take a number, if you want to use that:

:b 5

Insert Mode

" editing/moving within current insert (Really useful)
<C-U> : delete all entered
<C-W> : delete last word
<HOME><END> : beginning/end of line
<C-LEFTARROW><C-RIGHTARROW> : jump one word backwards/forwards
<C-X><C-E>,<C-X><C-Y> : scroll while staying put in insert
--
Modalita' inserimento
Vc Vn inserice car. c letterale, valore decimale di n
^A inserisce il testo precedentemente inserito
@ come A e va da modalita' inserimento → comandi
Rx R^Rx inserisce contenuto del registro x, letterale
N P completamento del testo prima, dopo il cursore
^W cancella la parola prima del cursore
^U cancella tutti i caratteri inseriti nella riga corrente
D T sposta a sx, dx della larghezza di uno shift
^Kc1c2 or c1←c2 digita diagramma \c1,c2\
^Oc esegue c in modalita' comandi temporanea
XE XY scorri in su, giu'
&lt;esc&gt;\o ^[ vai modal. inserimento → modal. comandi

duplicates

hilight duplicates
:syn clear Repeat | g/\(.\)\n\ze\%(.\n\)\1$/exe 'syn match Repeat "' . escape(getline('.'), '".^$[]') . '$"' | nohlsearch

moving

Movimenti base
h l k j un carattere a sx, dx, su, giu'
b w parola/token a sx, dx
ge e fine parola/token sx, dx
{ } inizio precedente/prossimo paragrafo
( ) inizio precedente, prossima frase
0 gm inizio, meta' riga
^ $ primo, ultimo carattere della riga
nG ngg riga n, default ultima, prima
n% n percento del file (n deve essere indicato)
n| la colonna n della riga corrente
% trova prossima parentesi, commento, #define
nH nL riga n dall'inizio, fine della finestra
M alla riga di mezzo della finestra

Folding

zf#j creates a fold from the cursor down # lines.
zf/string creates a fold from the cursor to string .
zj moves the cursor to the next fold.
zk moves the cursor to the previous fold.
zo opens a fold at the cursor.
zO opens all folds at the cursor.
zm increases the foldlevel by one.
zM closes all open folds.
zr decreases the foldlevel by one.
zR decreases the foldlevel to zero -- all folds will be open.
zd deletes the fold at the cursor.
zE deletes all folds.
[z move to start of open fold.
]z move to end of open fold.
 

Changing Case

guu : lowercase line
gUU : uppercase line
Vu : lowercase line
VU : uppercase line
g~~ : flip case line
vEU : Upper Case Word
vE~ : Flip Case Word
ggguG : lowercase entire file

CR+LF

VI: visualizzare e rimuovere CR+LF (^M)
- per visualizzarli:
:e ++ff=unix

- per visualizzarli di default:
set ff=unix
set fileformats=unix

- per rimuoverli:
:%s/^M$//g

Note that you should type ^M by pressing ctrl-v and then ctrl-m.

insert

Inserisci &amp; rimpiazza → modalita' inserimento
i a inserisci prima, dopo il cursore
I A inserisci all'inizio, fine della riga
gI inserisci il testo nella prima colonna
o O inserisci nuova riga sotto, sopra riga corrente
rc rimpiazza il carattere al cursore con c
grc come r, ma vai in modalita' inserimento
R rimpiazza caratteri a partire dal cursore
gR come R, ma vai in mod. inserimento
cm cambia il testo del comando di movimento m
cc or S cambia la riga corrente
C cambia fino alla fine della riga
s cambia un carattere e vai in mod. inserimento
~ scambia maiuscolo/minuscolo ad avanza il cursore
g~m scambia maiuscolo/minuscolo per cmd. mov. m
gum gUm minuscolo/maiuscolo testo cmd. mov. m
&lt;m &gt;m sposta sx, dx testo del comando di mov. m
n&lt;&lt; n&gt;&gt; sposta n righe a sx, dx

Insert (advanced)

Inserimento avanzato
g?m esegui codifica rot13 su comando movimento m
nA nX +n, -n del numero al cursore
gqm formatta riga del movimento m a larghezza fissa
:rce w↵ centra le righe nel gruppo r a larghezza w
:rle i↵ allinea a sx righe gruppo r con indent. i
:rri w↵ allinea a dx righe gruppo r a larghezza w
!mc↵ filtra righe cmd. movimento m con cmd. c
n!!c↵ filtra le righe n con il comando c
:r!c↵ filtra gruppo di righe r con il comando c

Macroing

per registrare la macro "a":
qa

per eseguire la macro "a"
@a

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Comments

maxbini maxbini, 15:55 30 Nov 17

sorry this is still alpha

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