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Alexander II & Alexander III key dates Cheat Sheet by

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Alexander II

Crimean War
1853-1856
Compulsory MiIlitary service reduced from 25 to 16 years
1859
Emanci­pation of the Serfs
1861
Introd­uction of new, modern, western style judicial system
1864
Army rank now based on merit and skill rather than wealth­/social status
1864
Local Zemstvo appeared in most parts of European Russia
1864
Rigid censorship rules eased
1865
Alexander II's eldest son dies & his wife withdraws from public appear­ances
1865
Liberal ministers replaced with conser­vat­ives, including appointing Dmitry Tolstoy as minister of education
1866
Dmitry Karakazov attempts to shoot Alexander
April 1866
Antoni Berezowski attempts to shoot Alexander and sons in carriage
1867
Only students from Gimnaziya schools could go to university
1871
Trial of 193- 153/193 revolu­tio­naries acquitted, rest had light punish­ment. Brought publicity
1877-1878
Russo-­Turkish War
1877-1878
Case of Vera Zasulich- found not guilty after shooting Dmitri Trepov, governor of St Petersburg
1878
Governor generals establ­ished, held emergency powers to prosecute in military court & exile political offenders
1879
Aleksander Soloviev shoots at Alexander 5 times
April 1879
Bomb attempting to kill Alexander placed under wrong train
December 1879
Third Section disbanded
1880
Mine under WInter Palace dining room kills 12 and wounds 50- Alexander late for dinner
Februrary 1880
Loris-­Melikov consti­tution signed
13th March 1881
Alexander II assass­inated by people's will
13th March 1881
 

Alexander III

Okhrana allowed to imprison suspects without trial
1881
Ignatiev fired as minister of Interior and replaced by reacti­onary Tolstoy after proposing an Assembly of the Land to represent the peasantry
1881
Ignatiev becomes minister of finance and passes a law making it easier for peasants to rent state land
May 1881
Vicious Pogroms against Jews, women raped & men killed
December 1881
Censorship Laws
1882
Ivan Delyanov becomes Minister of Education
1882
Censorship law gives government total control over newspapers
1882
Bunge appointed Minister of Finance
1882
Bunge instates Peasant's land bank to help peasant's buy their own farms
1882
May laws added to Jewish discri­min­ation. Included restri­ctions 'beyond the pale'
May 1882
14 Major Newspapers closed
1882-1889
Univer­sities lost autonomy and couldn't control the syllabus
1884
Russif­ication drive
1885
Bunge passes laws to improve working conditions for women and children
1885
Bunge dismissed
1886
Vyshne­gradsky appointed Minister of Finance
1886
Tuition Fees increased
1887
Alexander III's train derailed by terrorist bomb; he suffers kidney injuries
1888
Instated Land Captains
1889
Zemstva vote restri­cted- Doctors, Teachers & Wealthy Middle Classes can't vote
1890 & 1892
Famine
1891
Zemsta famine relief
1891
Sergei Witte becomes Minister of Finance
1892
Peasants banned from Mir
1893
Alexander dies of kidney failure
1894

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