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Community Intera­ctions

Ecolo­gical Niche
role and position a species has in its enviro­nment
Commen­salism
One is member of the associ­ation benefeits, the other is neither helped or harmed.
Compet­ition
Occurs when organisms of the same or different species attempt to use an ecological resource at the same place and time
Mutualism
Both species benefeit from the relati­onship.
Parasitism
One organism lives on or inside another organism and harms it.
Predation
An intera­ction in which one organism captures and feeds on another organism.
Symbiosis
Any relati­onship in which two species live close together.

Brain

Left Hemisphere
Sequential Analysis: system­atic, logical interp­ret­ation of inform­ation. Interp­ret­ation and production of symbolic inform­ati­on:­lan­guage, mathem­atics, abstra­ction and reasoning. Memory stored in a language format.
Right Hemisphere
Holistic Functi­oning: processing multi-­sensory input simult­ane­ously to provide "­hol­ist­ic" picture of one's enviro­nment. Visual spatial skills. Holistic functions such as dancing and gymnastics are coordi­nated by the right hemisp­here. Memory is stored in auditory, visual and spatial modali­ties.
Amygdala
Neural centers in the limbic system linked to emotion
Cerebellum
Coordi­nates voluntary movement and balance
Corpus Collosum
commun­ication between the two hemisp­heres
Hippoc­ampus
A structure in the limbic system linked to memory
Medulla
Controls heartbeat and breathing
Pons
relays inform­ation between the cerebrum and the cerebe­llum, controls arousal and regulates respir­ation

Ocean Life Forms

Plankton
Organisms that float or drift on the water surface
Nekton
Organisms that swim
Benthos
Organisms on the seabed
 

Biological Classi­fic­ation

Taxonomy
the practise of identi­fying different organisms, classi­fying them into categories and naming them
Animalia
A kingdom which includes hetero­tropic consumers such as herbiv­ores, carniv­ores, omnivores, and detrit­ivores
Binomial Nomenc­lature
A standard way to refer to the scientific name of an organism by using the genus and species
Phylo­geny
the process of classi­fying and organizing organisms based on evolut­ionary relati­onships
Kingdom
The highest level of classi­fic­ation (Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista and Monera)
Phylum
The next level of classi­fic­ation where along a number of Classes are clubbed up to form one Phylum
Class
A group of Orders which share a few simila­rities
Order
A group of families showing somewhat few simila­rities (The classi­fic­ation starting from order has less simila­rities as a result, they are categories based on aggregates of charac­ter­ist­ics)
Family
It comprises of a number of genus which share some similarity among themselves
Genus/ Genera
It composes of multiple species which have similar charac­ter­istics but different from that of species from other genus
Species
It is the lowest level of classi­fic­ation and shows the high level of simila­rities among the organisms

Tropism

Trop­ism
slow and permanent reaction by plants
Photot­ropism
Reaction to light
Geotropism
Reaction to gravity
Thigmo­tropism
Reaction to light
Positive tropism
towards the stimulus
Negative tropism
away from the stimulus

Cell Theory

Cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life
All living things are made up of cells
All cells come from pre existing cells
 

Organ Systems of Human Body

Muscular System
locomo­tion, support, heat production
Urinary System
elimin­ation of excess water, salts, and waste produc­tions, control of PH
Respir­atory System
delivery of air to sites where gas exchange can occur between the air and circul­ating blood
Digestive System
processing of food and absorption of organic nutrients, minerals, vitamins, and water
Endocrine System
directing long-term changes in the activities of other organs
Repodu­ctive System
production of sex cells and hormones
Skeletal System
Support, protection of soft tissue, mineral storage, blood formation
Lymphatic (immune) System
defense against infection and disease
Integu­mentary (skin) System
Protection from enviro­nmental hazards, temper­ature control
Nervous System
directing immediate responses to stimuli, usually by coordi­nating the activities of other organ systems
Circul­atory System
internal transport of cells and dissolved materials, including nutrients, wastes, and gases
Murders linc

Scientific Names

Banana
Musa Squamosa
Philippine Eagle
Pithe­cophaga Jefferyi
Rice
Oryza Sativa
Sampaguita
Jasminum Sambac
Bangus
Chanos Chanos
Mango
Mangifera Indica
Philippine Macaque
Macaca Fascic­ularis
Carabao
Bubalus Bubalis
Maya
Passer Montanus
Abaca
Musa Textilis
Tamarraw
Bubalus MIndor­ensis
Chicken
Gallus Gallus Domest­icus

Cell Division

Meio­sis
Mitois
Reduct­ional division
Equational division
For reprod­uction
For repair and growth
sex cells
somatic cells
produces haploid cells (n)
produces diploid cells (2n)

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