Show Menu

vim Cheat Sheet by

linux     editor     vim

Up-Down motions

k
count lines upward
j
count lines downward
gk
count display lines upward
gj
count display lines downward
-
count lines upward on the firest non-blank char
+
count lines downward on the first non-blank char
_
count - 1 lines downward on the first non-blank char
G
goto line count, default last line
gg
goto line count, default first line
:[range]
set cursor on last line number in range
{count}%
go to count percentage in file

Left-right motions

h
count chars to the left
l
count chars to the right
0
to the first char of the line
^
to the first non-blank char of the line
$
to the end of the line
g_
to the last non-blank char of the line and count - 1 lines downward
g0
wrap: to the first char of the screen line
g^
rwap: to the first non-blank char of the screen line
gm
like g0, but half a screen­width to the right
g$
wrap: to the last char of the screen line
|
to screen column count in current line
fchar
to count occurence of char to the right
Fchar
to count occurence of char to the left
tchar
till before count occurence of char to the right
Tchar
till after count occurence of char to the left
;
repeat latest f, t, F, T count times
,
repeat latest f, t, F, T count times in opposite direction

Scrolling

CTRL-U
scroll down half a screen of text
CTRL-D
scroll up half a screen of text
CTRL-E
scroll one line up
CTRL-Y
scroll one line down
CTRL-F
scroll forward a whole screen
CTRL-B
scroll backward a whole screen
zz
scroll to see the context of the line
zt
put the cursor line at the top
zb
put the cursor line at the bottom

Word motions

w
move forward count words
W
move forward count WORDS
b
move backward count words
B
move backward count WORDs
e
move to the next end of a word
E
move to next end of a WORD
ge
move to the previous end of a word
gE
move to the previous end of a WORD
a WORD is white-­space separated word.

Operators and motions

dd
delete whole line
x or dl
delete char under the cursor
X or dh
delete char left of the cursor
D or d$
delete to the end of the line
C or c$
chage to the end of the line
s or cl
change one char
S or cc
change whole line excluding indent­ation
r
command to replace char under cursor
.
repeat last change

Windows and Panes

CTRL-W +
increase current window height by N
CTRL-W -
decrease current window height by N
CTRL-W =
evensize all windows
CTRL-W <
decrease current window width by N
CTRL-W >
increase current window width by N
 

Jumps

CTRL-O
Go to [count] Older cursor position in jump list
CTRL-I
go to [count] newer cursor position in jump list
:ju[mps]
print the jump list
:cle[arjumps]
clear the jump list of the current window
g;
go to count older position in change list
g,
go to count newer position in change list
:changes
print the change list
%
find the next item in this line and jump to its match
[(
go to count previous unmatched (
])
go to count next unmatched )
[{
go to count previous unmatched {
]}
go to count next unmatched }
]m
go to count next start of a method
]M
go to count next end of a Method
[m
go to count previous start of a methdo
[M
go to count previous end of a method
H
move to first visible line
M
move to middle visible line
L
move to last visible line
The following commands are "­jum­p" commands: "­'", "­`", "­G", "­/", "­?", "­n", "­N", "­%", "­(", "­)", "­[[", "­]]", "­{", "­}", "­:s", "­:ta­g", "­L", "­M", "­H" and the commands that start editing a new file.

Using marks

`` or ''
to the position of the latest jump
CTRL-O
jump to older position
CTRL-I
jump back to newer position
:jumps
Give list of positions of jumps
mchar
mark the place under cursor with mark char
`{a-z} or '{a-z}
move to the mark char in current buffer
`{A-Z0-9} or '{A-Z0-9}
move to the mark char in other file
`char
move to the mark char
'char
move to first non-blank char of line with mark char
:marks
get a list of marks
"
cursor position when last editing the file
[
start of the last change
]
end of the last change
:delm[­arks] {marks}
Delete the specified marks
:delm!
Delete all marks for current buffer
'" or `"
to the position when last exiting the current buffer
'^ or `^
to the position where the cursor was the last time when Insert mode was stopped
`. or '.
to the position of the last change
'( or `(
to the start of the current sentence
') or `)
to the end of the current sentence
'{ or `{
to the start of the current paragraph
When making jumps to positions further than within the same line, vim remembers the position before the jump and sets a mark.
 

Search mode

/
activate forward search mode
?
activate backward search mode
n
continue search forward
N
continue search backward
<UP>
Search through history upwards
<DOWN>
Search through history downwards
*
search count words under cursor forward
#
search count word under cursor backward
\>
match the end of a word
\<
match the beginning of a word

Visual mode

v
start visual mode
V
visual mode on whole lines
CTRL-V
visual block mode
o
move to the other end of selection
O
in block mode: move to the other corner of the same line

Operators

c
change
d
delete
y
yank into register
~
swap case under cursor
g~[motion]
swap case within motion
gu[motion]
make lowercase within motion
gU[motion]
make uppercase within motion
!
filter through external program
g?
ROT-13 encoding
>
shift right
<
shift left
zf
define a fold
g@
call function set with the 'opera­tor­func' option

Moving text

p
paste back last deleted text
P
past back last deleted text before the cursor
numberp
like p but number times
numberP
like P but number times
xp
swap the next char with the char under cursor
y
yank char under cursor
yw
yank word
Y or yy
yank whole line
*yy
yank whole line to clipboard
*p
put text from the clipboard back

Text object selection

aw
a word
iw
inner word
aW
a WORD
as
a sentence includes white space after the sentence
ap
a paragraph
a] or a[
a [] block
a) or a( or ab
a () block
a< or a>
a <> block
at
a tag block
a} or a{ or aB
a {} block
a" or a' or a`
a quoted string
a blocks may be inner blocks with i instead of a.
These commands can only be used while in Visual mode or after an oper­ator

Text object motions

(
count sentences backward
)
count sentences forward
{
count paragraphs backward
}
count paragraphs forward
]]
count sections forward or to the next { in the first column
[[
count sections backward or to the previous { in the first column
][
count sections forward or to the next { in the first column
[]
count sections backward or to the previous } in the first column

Download the vim Cheat Sheet

3 Pages
//media.cheatography.com/storage/thumb/mutanclan_vim.750.jpg

PDF (recommended)

Alternative Downloads

Share This Cheat Sheet!

 

Comments

No comments yet. Add yours below!

Add a Comment

Your Comment

Please enter your name.

    Please enter your email address

      Please enter your Comment.

          Related Cheat Sheets

          VI Editor Cheat Sheet
          Vim NERDTree Cheat Sheet
          Vim Cheat Sheet

          More Cheat Sheets by mutanclan

          vim tpope/vim-surround Cheat Sheet
          vim vixen firefox addon Cheat Sheet