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Russian Noun & Adjective Cases by Chuff Cheat Sheet by

A quick summary of all noun and adjective case endings in Russian.
-     -     -     russian     grammar     cases     nouns

Nominative Case

NOUN
-Consonant
Masc.
-о, -е
Neut.
but:
Masc. / Fem. (memo­rize)
ADJ.
-ый, -ая, -ое
PLUR. NOUN
Masc. & Fem.
-ы (after a 7)
Neut.
-а
PLUR. ADJ.
-ые -ие (after a 7)
в письме (< письмо)
в Сибири (< Сибирь f.)
в Англии (< Англия)
в саду (< сад) *

* but after о, takes like normal: о саде (about the garden)

Prepos­itional Case

NOUN
All
unle­ss: Fem. -ь
or: -ие, -ия
-ии
в шкафу * rare
ADJE­CTIVE
Masc. & Neut.
-ом (-ем)
Fem.
-ой (-ей)
Double­-type -ий
forms in parent­heses
PLUR. NOUN
and PLUR. ADJ.
Replace DAT. -м with -х
в письме (< письмо)
в Сибири (< Сибирь f.)
в Англии (< Англия)
в саду (< сад) *

* but after о, takes like normal: о саде (about the garden)
 

Accusative Case

NOUN
-а, -я
-у, -ю
Masc. Anim., All in -ь, All Plural
> GEN.
ADJE­CTIVE
Masc. Anim.
-ого (-его)
Fem. -ая, -яя
-ую (-юю)
PLUR. NOUN
All animates
> GEN. PL.
All inanimates
> NOM. PL.
Only change adjectives if noun changes.
-его is for adj's of type последний, третий.

Genitive Case

NOUN
(Used for #'s 2-4)
Masc. & Neut.
-а (after -ь/-й/­Neut. -е)
Fem.
-ы (after -ь/-я)
rare: Neut. in -мя (x10)
-ени
ADJ.
Masc. & Neut.
-ого -его = Masc. Anim. ACC.
Fem.
-ой -ей = Fem. PREP.
PLUR. NOUN
(Used for #'s 5+)
All -ь, -ж, -ч, -ш, -щ
-ей
All -ия, -ие
-ий
Most Masc.
-ов -ев (after чжшщц)
Fem. -а & Neut. -о
LOSE OUT!
PLUR. ADJ.
-ых -их (after a 7)
2-4 in genitive singul­ar:
Masc. & Neut. use Gen. Pl. Adj. and Gen. Sg. Noun.
Fem. uses Nom. Pl. Adj. and Gen. Sg. Noun.
 

Dative Case

NOUN
Masc. & Neut.
-у (after -ь/-я, Neut. after -е)
Fem.
> PREP.
ADJ.
Masc. & Neut.
> PREP. +
Fem.
> PREP.
PLUR. NOUN
All
> NOM. PL. + -ам / -ям
PLUR. ADJ.
-ый or -ой
-ым
-ий
-им
2-4 in genitive singul­ar:
Masc. & Neut. use Gen. Pl. Adj. and Gen. Sg. Noun.
Fem. uses Nom. Pl. Adj. and Gen. Sg. Noun.

Instru­mental Case

NOUN
Masc. -cons & Neut. -о
-ом -ем (after -ь/-й, Neut. after -е/-ё)
-ой -ей (after жчшщц)
-ей -ёй (if stressed -я)
Fem. -ь
+
ADJ.
-ый, -ой
-ым -им (for -ий)
Fem.
> -ой/­-ей *
PLUR. NOUN
All
> NOM. PL. + -ами / -ями
rare: (x4)
-ьми
PLUR. ADJ.
-ый or -ой
-ыми -ими (for -ий)
2-4 in genitive singul­ar:
Masc. & Neut. use Gen. Pl. Adj. and Gen. Sg. Noun.
Fem. uses Nom. Pl. Adj. and Gen. Sg. Noun.

* Note: This ending = GEN. = DAT. = PREP.

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