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Mitosis Cheat Sheet by

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Mitosis Phases

1. Interphase
2. Prophase
3. Promet­aphase
4. Metaphase
5. Anaphase
6. Telophase
7. Cytoki­nesis

Mitosis Definition

Mitosis is the process, in the cell cycle, by which the chromo­somes in the cell nucleus are separated into two identical sets of chromo­somes, each in its own nucleus.

Metaphase

Motor Proteins
Motor proteins are a class of molecular motors that are able to move along the surface of a suitable substrate.
 

Interphase

Chromatin
Chromatin is a complex of macrom­ole­cules found in cells, consisting of DNA, protein and RNA. The primary functions of chromatin are 1) to package DNA into a smaller volume to fit in the cell, 2) to reinforce the DNA macrom­olecule to allow mitosis, 3) to prevent DNA damage, and 4) to control gene expression and DNA replic­ation.
Centro­somes
In cell biology, the centrosome is an organelle that serves as the main microt­ubule organizing center (MTOC) of the animal cell as well as a regulator of cell-cycle progre­ssion.

Cytoke­nesis

Cytoki­nesis is the process in which the cytoplasm of a single eukaryotic cell is divided to form two daughter cells.

Anaphase

Anaphase is the stage of mitosis or meiosis when chromo­somes are split and the sister chromatids move to opposite poles of the cell.
 

Telophase

Telophase is the final stage in both meiosis and mitosis in a eukaryotic cell.

Cleavage Furrow

In cell biology, the cleavage furrow is the indent­ation of the cell's surface that begins the progre­ssion of cleavage, by which animal and some algal cells undergo cytoki­nesis, the final splitting of the membrane, in the process of cell division.

Prophase

Chromo­somes
A chromosome is packaged and organized chromatin, a complex of macrom­ole­cules found in cells, consisting of DNA, protein and RNA.
Chromatid
A chromatid is one copy of a duplicated chromo­some, which is generally joined to the other copy by a single centro­mere.
Microt­ubules
Microt­ubules are a component of the cytosk­eleton, found throughout the cytoplasm.

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