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Git command Cheat Sheet by

Frequently used git command cheat sheet
linux     command     git

Git - Config

add user name
git config [--global] user.name "­[na­me]­"
add user email
git config [--global] user.email "­[email addres­s]"
show the git config info
git config --list

Git - Create a new repository

Init­ialize the current dir to be reposi­tory
cd <pr­oje­ct_­dir>
git init
touch README
Cloned from remote reposi­tory
git clone <ur­l>

Git - Add and Remove file

Show the current status in the workspace and index
git status
Add file from workspace into index
git add <fi­le1> <fi­le2> ...
Add all files from current dir into index
git add .
Add all tracked file and untracked file from the workspace into index
git add -A .
Delete tracked file in the index
git rm <fi­le1> <fi­le2> ...
Move tracked file in the index into workspace and untrack it
git rm --cached <fi­le1> <fi­le2> ...

Git - Commit

Commit all files in the index into local reposi­tory
git commit -m "­commit messag­e"
Recommit the previous commit with new changed file and commit message
git commit --amend <fi­le1> <fi­le2> ... -m "new messag­e"

Git - Tag

Show all tags
git tag
Create a new tag at current commit object
git tag -a <ta­g_f­lag> -m "tag comment messag­e"
Create a new tag at specified commit object
git tag -a <ta­g_f­lag> <co­mmi­t_i­d> -m "tag comment messag­e"
Show specified tag info in detail
git show <ta­g_f­lag>
 

Git - Undo modifies

Discard tracked files's modifi­cation in the worksp­ace
git checkout -- <fi­le> ...
Move the added file from index into worksp­ace
git reset HEAD <fi­le>...
Reset code with --soft para, changes in the index and workspace are reserved
git reset --soft <co­mmi­t-i­d>
Reset code with --mixed para, changes in the index are discar­ded­,ho­wever changes in the workspace are reserved
git reset --mixed <co­mmi­t-i­d>
Reset code with --hard para,the changes in the index and workspace are discar­ded
git reset --hard <co­mmi­t-i­d>
Revert code and create a new commit object for this operat­ion.In this way, it will not overlap the commit history.
git revert <co­mmi­t-i­d>
Undo the previous commit changes and create a new commit object for this operat­ion
git revert HEAD~1

Git - Branch

List all branches in the local reposi­tory
git branch
List all branches in the local repository and remote reposi­tory
git branch -a
List all local branch info in detail
git branch -vv
Create a new branch
git branch <br­anc­h-n­ame>
Create a new branch with specified commit
git branch <br­anc­h-n­ame> <co­mmi­t-i­d>
Checkout to another branch
git checkout <br­anc­h-n­ame>
Delete branch in local reposi­tory
git branch -d <br­anc­h-n­ame>
Build tracking relati­onship between local-­branch and remote­-br­anch
git branch --set-­ups­tre­am-­to=­ori­gin­/<r­emo­te-­bra­nch­-na­me> <lo­cal­-br­anc­h-n­ame>
Cancle the tracking relati­onship between local-­branch and remote­-br­anch
git branch --unse­t-u­pstream <lo­cal­-br­anc­h-n­ame>
List the changed files between two branches
git diff <br­anc­h1> <br­anc­h2> --stat
 

Git - History

Show all commit log
git log
Show all commit log in shot format
git log --pret­ty=­short
One line show one commit log
git log --pret­ty=­oneline
Show all changed files in every commit log
git log --stat
Show the change history of specified file
git log --follow <fi­le-­nam­e>
Show all diff info between two adjacent commit
git log -p
Show who changed file
git blame <fi­le-­nam­e>
Show the recently commit log and branch checkout log
git reflog

Git - Remote Push And Update

List all remote repo info
git remote -v
Show specified remote repo info
git remote show <re­mot­e>
Add remote repo and named
git remote add <re­mot­e> <ur­l>
Fetch all changed in the remote repo
git fetch <re­mot­e>
Fetch + Merge
git pull <re­mot­e> [remot­e-b­ran­ch]­:[l­oca­l-b­ranch]
Push local repo changes to remote repo
git push <re­mot­e> [local­-br­anc­h]:­[re­mot­e-b­ranch]
Delete remote branch in remote repo
git push <re­mot­e> :[remo­te-­branch]
Set -u parameter and build the tracking relati­onship between local repo and remote repo
git push -u <re­mot­e> [local­-br­anc­h]:­[re­mot­e-b­ranch]

Git - Merge/­Rebase

Merge branch into current branch
git merge <br­anc­h-n­ame>
Rebase into branch
git rebase <br­anc­h-n­ame>
Rebase Frequently Usage
git checkout <fe­atu­re-­bra­nch>
git rebase master
git checkout master
git merge <fe­atu­re-­bra­nch>
Abort Rebase
git rebase --abort
The Golden Rule of Rebasing
Don't rebasing master branch into your personal feature branch
Conf­licts against base file
git diff --base <fi­le-­nam­e>

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