Show Menu

Dry Bulk Cheat Sheet by

dry     bulk

Bulk

Bulk commodity vs bulk cargo
Four main charac­ter­istics of bulk commod­ities which influence their sustai­nab­ility for transport in bulk:
- Volume
- Handling and stowage
- Cargo value
- Regularity of flow

Factors in the bulk market

Commodity supply industries
Steel production
Growing infras­tru­cture develo­pment in developing countries
Urbani­zation
Used to be Europe, USA and Japan, now BRIC [Brasil, Russia, India, China]
Overca­pacity in the fleet + large orderbook
Efficiency
Price and volume

Reefers

Refrig­erator ships
Temper­ature controlled transp­ort­ation
Usually food
Compet­ition from containers

Ships

Capesize bulk carrier
> 100.000 dwt, Coal and ore, ULOC, VLOC
Panamax bulk carrier
60.000­-10­0.000 dwt, Coal, crude oil and petroleum, Latin-­America
Handymax bulk carrier
40.000­-60.000 dwt, Small and large ports, often 4 cranes
Handysize bulk carrier
10.000­-40.000 dwt, the smallest bulk carriers, often 4 cranes
OBO carrier
Oil/Bu­lk/Ore, Dry and wet bulk, Cleaning is demanding, expensive to build, not built any more
 

History

1850: The first bulk ships built
1900: The first diesel fueled ships with integrated loading and unloading equipment
1958: Thorvald Klaveness built the worlds first special made bulk carrier, Carried fertilizer from Norway
1961: Klaveness was the first in the world to carry cement

Industrial revolution

From short-sea to deep-sea
Increased trade between the indust­ria­lized countries
Increased energy need, increased production
Larger and quicker ships
Specia­lis­edbulk carrieres

Dry bulk

Major bulk:
- Iron ore•Coal
- Grain
- Phosphate rocks
- Bauxite and alumina

Minor bulk:
- Forest products
- Sugar
- Agribulk

Future trends

Surplus in the market
China’s growth? Stagna­tion?
Other BRIC countries
Intern­ational bulk fleet
Baltic dry index
 

Ship types

Bulk-c­arriers
Ore-ca­rriers
OBO / Combin­ation Carriers

Iron ore

20% of the dry bulk
Measured in tons
Steel
Mining
Very dusty

Coal

Electr­icity production
Fuel for heating
Mining
Enviro­nme­ntally questi­onable

Corn

Food production
Rice, corn, oatmeal, wheat
Demanding transp­ort­ati­on–high risk
Ventil­ation and protection from bad weather and bugs

Phosphate

Fertilizer
Dusty and absorbs moisture

Bauxite

Production of aluminum
Indonesia –50% of the export
Kina –70% of import
Hydro
Uncertain trade in the future due to Indonesian stop in export

Minor bulk

Represents the rest of the dry bulk industry
Sugar, minerals, forest products

Download the Dry Bulk Cheat Sheet

1 Page
//media.cheatography.com/storage/thumb/wunir_dry-bulk.750.jpg

PDF (recommended)

Alternative Downloads

Share This Cheat Sheet!

 

Comments

No comments yet. Add yours below!

Add a Comment

Your Comment

Please enter your name.

    Please enter your email address

      Please enter your Comment.

          More Cheat Sheets by wunir

          Container ships