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A&P Chapterr 1 Cheat Sheet by

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Anatomy 1.1a&b (A&P compared)

1.1a ANATOMY
Micros­copic Anatomy=
Unseen
Cytology study of =
body cells
Histology study of =
tissue
 
Types of Gross Anatomy =
Systemic, Regional, Surface, Compar­ative, Embryology
Pathol­ogical Anatomy=
Anatomic disease caused by disease
Radiog­raphic Anatomy =
Observes internal structure
Types of Radiog­raphic Anatomy=
MRI & X-Ray
1.1b PHYSIOLOGY
physio­logy=
Function
Physiology Types=
Carbio­vas­cular, Neurop­hys­iology, respir­atory, reprod­uctive, and pathop­hys­iology

Anatomy 1.2 (A&P Integr­ated)

Form and Structure=
interr­elated
Physio­logists focus on=
mechanisms and Structure
Anatomists focus on=
form and structure
 

Anatomy 1.3abc (Body's organi­zation)

1.3a=L­IVING CHARAC­TER­IZATION
Metabo­lism=
All chemical reaction in the body
Metabolism has=
Anabolism & Catabolism
7 traits makes Alive=
Reprod­uce­s,G­row­s,D­eve­lop­s,Uses Energy­,Re­spo­nsi­ven­ess­,Ad­apts, and moves
1.3b = ORGANI­ZATION OF ORGANISMS
Organi­zation=
Atom, Molecule, Chemical, Organelle, Cells, Tissue , Organ, Organ System , Organism
1.3c= ORGAN SYSTEMS
Integu­mentary System =
skin
Muscular System=
muscle
Skeletal System=
Skeleton
Nervous System=
Nerves
Endocrine System=
Hormones
Lympathic System=
Lymph
Cardio­vas­cular System=
Blood Vessels
Respir­atory System=
Lungs
Urinary System=
Liquid Waste
Male Reprod­uctive System=
Male Sex
Digestive System=
Solid Waste
Female Reprod­uctive System=
Female Sex

Image

 

Anatomy 1.4 abcdef (A&P Termin­ology)

1.4a= ANATOMIC POSITIONS
3 Planes=
Frontal, Transv­erse, Midsag­ittal
1.4b= EHHH
1.4c= ANATOMIC DIRECTIONS
Relative to front & back=
Anterior, Posterior, Dorsal, and Ventral
Relative to Head=
Superior, Inferior, Cranial, Caudal, and Rostral
Relative to Middle=
Medial, Lateral, Deep, and superf­icial
Relative to attach­ment=
Proximal and Distal
1.4d =REGIONAL
Axial=
head, neck, and trunk
Append­icular region=
upper/­lower limbs
1.4e= CAVITIES
Ventral Cavity=
Superior (Thoracic) & Inferior (abdom­ino­pelvic)
Ventral Cavity lined with=
Serous membrane
Serous Membrane=
Parietal layer & Visceral Layer
Serous membrane contains =
Serous Fluid
Heart (Inner to outer layers)
Heart, Visceral perica­rdium, perica­rdial cavity with serous fluid, and parietal perica­rdium
Lungs (Inner to outer layers)
Lungs, Visceral Pleura, Pleural cavity with serous fluid, parietal pleura, diaphragm
Abdomi­nop­elvic cavities=
up=abd­ominal cavity. down=p­elvic cavity
Abdomi­nop­elvic cavity (inner to outer)=
Visceral perito­neum, peritoneal cavity, parietal peritoneum
1.4f ABDOMI­NOP­ELVIC REGIONS & QUADRANTS
abdomi­nop­elvic regions=
Umbilical, epigas­tric, hypoga­stric, right/left hypoch­ond­riac, left/right lumbar, right and left/ iliac

Anatomy 1.5 ABC

1.5a HOMEOS­TASIS COMPONENTS
Order =
Stimulus, Receptor, control center, effector, homeos­tasis restored
1.5b NEGATIVE FEEDBACK
Negative feedback=
decrease
1.5c POSITIVE FEEDBACK
Positive Feedback
increase

Anatomy 1.6 Health & Disease

 

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