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Web Accessibility Resources Cheat Sheet by

An introduction to basic terminology and concepts of Web Accessibility.
accessibility     pour     a11y     wai     wai-aria     aria     ada     wcag

Organi­zations - Regulatory

United States Access Board
Chief Inform­ation Officer Council is an organi­zation of CIO's from all major US branches and agencies from the Department of Defense to the Department of Education.
CIO Council Access Commit­tee
W3C's Web Access­ibility Initia­tive

Organi­zations - Advocacy

AFB
CIL
Centers for Indepe­ndent Living are indepe­ndent local organi­zations spread across the country. The Independent Living Research Utiliz­ation (ILRU) and the National Institute on Disabi­lity, Indepe­ndent Living, and Rehabi­lit­ation Research (NIDILRR) provide resources on a national level.
DOJ:­ADA
DRA
DREDF
EEOC
The U.S. Equal Employment Opport­unity Commission protects against discri­min­ation during hiring and in the workplace.
FBC
GPII
IDEA
IFHOH
NCDAE
NAD
NFB
RESNA
RtF
Additional Organi­zations
These organi­zations are most often associated with web access­ibility litigation and awareness education. For inform­ation on other organi­zat­ions, check the links under Additional Organi­zations above.
For more inform­ation on case history visit Karl Grove's List of Web Access­ibility Related Litigation and Settlements

Web Resources - Standards

WCAG 2.0
WAI-­ARIA
DSGWG's Keyboard Shortcut Recomm­end­ation

Web Resources - WCAG 2.0 Checklists

Interactive WCAG 2.0 by Vijet lists both W3C and WebAIM recomm­end­ations in the same simple interface.
WebAIM's WCAG 2.0 Checklist for HTML documents
WCAG 2.0 Checklist by Paul J Adam
WAI-ARIA-Cheatsheet is a list of ARIA roles and attrib­utes.
ARIA Cheatsheet by Abhinay Rathore is automa­tically update from W3's site.
WCAG 2.0 map by Stamford Intera­ctive Resources

Web Resources - Blogs and News

Digital A11Y - Web Access­ibility Blog
Disability Scoop - The Premier Source for Develo­pmental Disability New
WebAIM's Blog - Web Access­ibility Blog

Web Resources - Testing

WebAIM's WAVE is a web access­ibility evaluation tool.
AChecker can verify access­ibility of a website, webpage, or code block.
aViewer (Acces­sib­ility Viewer) is a tool for Windows that displays the access­ibility API inform­ation (MSAA, IAcces­sible2, UI Automa­tion, ARIA, HTML DOM) exposed by web browsers to the operating system, and thus to any assistive technology (AT) such as screen­rea­ders.
tota11y is an access­ibility visual­ization toolkit.
aXe is a JavaScript access­ibility automated testing engine
Automated Access­ibility Testing Tool is a JavaScript access­ibility automated testing engine
Functional Access­ibility Evaluator (FAE) evaluates a website or a single web page based on the WCAG 2.0 Level A and AA requir­ements.
AccessLint integrates with GitHub to test code as it's uploaded to GitHub.
AccessLint.js is a JavaScript access­ibility automated testing engine
 

Web Resources - Example Code

OpenAjax Alliance Accessibility - WCAG demons­trated through example code using Ajax and ARIA
SitePo­int's Intro to WAI-ARIA

Web Resources - Design

Colorsafe.co aims to empower designers with beautiful and accessible color palettes based on WCAG Guidelines of text and background contrast ratios.
A11y Color Palette allows you to provide a palette of colors and get list of compatible colors.
Accessibility Color Wheel allows you to use a color wheel to compare color contrast.
snook.ca's Colour Contrast Check allows you to compare 2 colors.
NCSU's Color Palette Access­ibility Evaluator allows you to create a palette of colors and compare their compli­ance.
HTML Writers Guild's AWARE's Color Lab allows you to simulate the experience a user with color blindness will have with different color palettes.
Vischeck allows you to upload an image and see how it may be viewed by a user with color blindness.

Assistive Techno­logy- Screen Reader

NVDA (NonVisual Desktop Access) is a free screen reader which enables blind and vision impaired people to use computers.
Freedo­mSc­ien­tific JAWS (Job Access With Speech) is a commercial screen reader that allows blind and visually impaired users to read the screen either with a text-t­o-s­peech output or by a refres­hable Braille display.
AI Squared's Windows-Eyes is a commercial screen reader which can be registered for free if you have Microsoft Office.
Apple's VoiceOver is the default option available on Mac, iPhone, and iPod devices.

Assistive Technology - Low Vision

Freedo­mSc­ien­tific's MAGic
AI Squared's ZoomText

Characters

Opening Double Quotation
“
U+201C
Closing Double Quotation
”
U+201D
Apostrophe
’
U+201D
En Dash, used for ranges
–
–
U+2013
Em Dash, used for change of thought
—
—
U+2014
Horizontal Ellipsis, used to indicate an omission or a pause
…
…
U+2026
These are the most important characters per WAI's recomm­end­ation. For more Unicode charac­ters, check Wikipedia's List of Unicode characters or W3School's Charsets Reference.

Certif­ication

Certified Profes­sional in Access­ibility Core Compet­encies (CPACC)
ADA Coordi­nator Training Certif­ication Program (ACTCP)

Document Access­ibility

University of Illinois Spring­field - Online Teaching & Technology Blog - Accessibility - Cheat Sheets for Word, Excel, PowerP­oint, PDF and HTML
WebAim's Guides for Word, PowerPoint, PDF, and more

Download the Web Accessibility Resources Cheat Sheet

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PDF (recommended)

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