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VIM Cheat Sheet by

vim

Editing

a
Append text after the cursor
i
Insert text before the cursor
o
Begin a new line below the cursor and insert text
O
Begin a new line above the cursor and insert text
R
Enter Insert mode, replacing characters rather than inserting
r {char}
Replace the character under the cursor with {char}
y
Copy line under cursor or selected (v) to register
yy [num]
Copy line under cursor selected (v) to register
d
Cur selected (v) to register
p
Put the text from register after the cursor
P
Put the text from register before the cursor
:pu
Put the text from register after current line
:pu!
Put the text from register before current line
u
Undo changes
U
Undo all latest changes on one line
.
Repeat last change
Ctrl+r
Redo changes

Insert

:r file
Insert the file content below the cursor
:r !cmd
Execute cmd and insert its standard output below the cursor

Neovim specific

:terminal
Open xterm terminal emulator in current window
:vsplit term://top
Open top in new vertical window
 

Moving around

H
Jump to the top of the screen
M
Jump to the middle of the screen
G
Jump to end of file
J
Jump to the bottom of the screen
gg
Jump to beginning of file
h
Move to one position right
l
Move to one position left
k (Ctrl+p)
Move to one line up
j (Ctrl+j)
Move to one line down
0 (Home)
To the first character of the line
$ (End)
To the end of the line
e
Move to the end of a word
w
Move to the begin of a next word in line
mx
Set mark x at the current cursor position
'x
Jump to the beginning of the line of mark x
`x
Jump to the cursor position of mark x
%
Jump to corres­ponding item, e.g. from an open brace to its matching closing brace
 

Tabs

vim -p first.txt second.txt
Open first.txt second.txt in tabs
:tabedit {file}
Edit specified file in a new tab
:tabclose
Close current tab
:tabonly
Cclose all other tabs
:tabs
List all tabs including their displayed windows
:tabm 0
Move current tab to first
:tabm
Move current tab to last
:tabm {i}
Move current tab to position i+1
:tabn (gt)
Go to next tab
:tabp (gT)
Go to previous tab

Windows

:sp
Split current window in two
:sp {file}
Split current window in two with {file}
:5sp {file}
Split current window in two with {file} 5 lines height
:vs
Like |:split|, but split vertically
:vs {file}
Split current window vertically in two with {file}
:5vs {file}
Split current window vertically in two with {file} 5 lines weight
:new
Create a new window and start editing an empty file in it
:vne
Like |:new|, but split vertically

Windows moving

Ctrl+w h
Move to the window on the left
Ctrl+w l
Move to the window on the right
Ctrl+w j
Move to the window below
Ctrl+w k
Move to the window above
Ctrl+w t
Move to the TOP window
Ctrl+w b
Move to the BOTTOM window
Ctrl+w K
Move window under cursor to top
Ctrl+w H
Move window to the far left
Ctrl+w J
Move window to the bottom
Ctrl+w L
Move window to the far right

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