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French Cheat Sheet by DaveChild

English to French cheat sheet, with useful words and phrases to take with you on holiday.

French - Greetings and Pleasantries

monsieur, madamesir, madam
bonjour, saluthello, hi
bonsoirgood evening
bonne nuitgood night
au revoirgoodbye
à bientôtsee you later
je m'appelle Earlmy name is Earl
comment allez-­vous?how are you?
pardon?excuse me?
désoléi'm sorry
merci, de rienthankyou, it's nothing

French - Days and Time

lundimonday
mardituesday
mercrediwednesday
jeudithursday
vendredifriday
samedisaturday
dimanchesunday
aujour­d'huitoday
demaintomorrow
hieryesterday
maintenantnow
plus tardlater
heurehour, o'clock
matin, après-midimorning, afternoon

French - Months

janvierJanuary
févrierFebruary
marsMarch
avrilApril
maiMay
juinJune
juilletJuly
aôutAugust
septembreSeptember
octobreOctober
novembreNovember
décembreDecember

French - Transport

billet, aller-­retourticket, return
emmenez moi a ...take me to ...
pour aller a ...how do I get to ...

French - Buildings and Shops

gendar­merie, gendarmepolice station, policeman
pharmaciepharmacy / chemist
hôpital, médecinhospital, doctor
magasinshop
boutiquesmall shop
(super­)marché(super­)market
boulan­geriebakery
boucheriebutcher
poisso­nneriefishmonger
pâtisseriecake shop
muséemuseum
banquebank
bureau de changemoney exchange
poste (timbre)post office (stamp)
 

French - Pronouns

je, tu, il, elleI, you, he, she
nous, vouswe, you (pl)
le, la, lesthe (m, f, pl)
un, une, desa (m, f, pl)
ce, çathis, that
mon, mamy (m, f)
nos, votreour, your

m = male, f = female, pl = plural

French - Lost Items

J'ai perdu ...I have lost ...
mon portef­euillemy wallet
mon passeportmy passport
mon argentmy money
ma carte de créditmy credit card
mon billetmy ticket
mes clésmy keys
ma valisemy case
je suis perdui am lost

French - Directions

à gauche, à droiteleft, right
à côté denext to
tout droitstraight ahead
ici, làhere, there
près (de)near (to)
loin (de)far (from)
avant, aprèsbefore, after
devant, derrièreahead, behind

French - Numbers

0 - zéro16 - seize
1 - un17 - dix-sept
2 - deux18 - dix-huit
3 - trois19 - dix-neuf
4 - quatre20 - vingt
5 - cinq30 - trente
6 - six40 - quarante
7 - sept50 - cinquante
8 - huit60 - soixante
9 - neuf70 - soixan­te-dix *
10 - dix80 - quatre­-vingt
11 - onze90 - quatre­-vi­ngt-dix *
12 - douze100 - cent
13 - treize1000 - mille
14 - quatorze+/- - plus/moins
15 - quinze

* Some localities say "­sep­tan­te" for 70 and "­non­ant­e" for 90.

French - Colours

noirblack
blancwhite
rosepink
rougered
orangeorange
jauneyellow
vertgreen
bleublue
violetpurple
marronbrown
 

French - Essential Phrases

Parlez­-vous Anglai­s ?Do you speak English?
Parlez plus lentement, s'il vous plaît.Speak more slowly please.
Répétez encore une fois, s'il vous plaît.Please repeat once more.
A quelle heure est le prochain train ?What time is the next train?
Comment dit-on "­wor­d" en frança­is ?How do you say “word” in french?
Aidez-moi, s'il vous plaît.Help me, please.
Où est la gare routiè­re ?Where is the bus station?
C'est combien pour un verre de vin ?How much is it for a glass of wine?
Puis-je avoir un horair­e ?May I have a timetable?
J'ai besoin de louer une voiture.I need to rent a car.
Est-ce qu'il y a un distri­buteur près d'ici ?Is there an ATM near here?
Merci de m'avoir aidé.Thankyou for your help.
L'ordi­nateur ne marche pas.The computer is not working.
J'ai une maladie qui s'appelle "­x".I have an illness called "­x".

All two-part punctu­ation symbols in French ( : ; « » ! ? % $ # ) should be preceded and followed by a space.

French - Signs

ouvert, ferméopen, closed
tirez, poussezpull, push
entrée, sortieentry, exit

French - Friends and Family

mari, femmehusband, wife
père, mèrefather, mother
fils, filleson, daughter
frère, sœurbrother, sister
amifriend

French - Miscellaneous Words

oui, nonyes, no
tout, rienall, nothing
bien, mauvaisgood, bad
et, ou, siand, or, if
parce quebecause
avec, sanswith, without
petit, grandsmall, large
sur, souson, under
beaucoup, peua lot, a little
encoreagain
(pas) comme(not) like, as
 

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Comments

LeDavid LeDavid, 10:02 28 Nov 11

Hello Dave,
How to contribute to the French Cheat Sheet? I noticed some few mistakes.

DaveChild DaveChild, 10:02 28 Nov 11

Hi LeDavid. You can leave a comment here, or email me at dave@addedbytes.com. Or you can make a better one! :)

LeDavid LeDavid, 10:02 28 Nov 11

This one is good enough. There is no need to make another one.
I think we can just make this one perfect.

I will email you asap...

eduens eduens, 10:02 28 Nov 11

Hello, here are some corrections (I'm french) :

- 17 is "dix-sept", not "six-sept"
- "père, mère" instead of "pere, mere"
- "frère" instead of "frere"
- "Merci de m’avoir aidé" instead of "Merci de m’avoir aider"
- "A quelle heure est le prochain train?" instead of "Quelle heure est le prochain train?"
- "Aidez-mois, s’il vous plaît." instead of "Aidez-moi, s’il vous plaît"
- "Où est la gare routière?" instead of "Ou est la gare routière?"
- "Puis-je avoir un horaire?" instead of "Puis j’avoir un horaire?"
- portefeuille instead of portfeuille

Thanks for your work !

eduens eduens, 10:02 28 Nov 11

Sorry...

- "Aidez-moi, s’il vous plaît." instead of "Aidez-mois, s’il vous plaît"

DaveChild DaveChild, 10:02 28 Nov 11

Hi eduens. I've corrected those issues. Thanks for letting me know about them.

Jean-Philippe Jean-Philippe, 07:35 6 Jan 12

In the essential phrases you could add something for going to the restroom/washroom :

Voulez-vous coucher avec moi ce soir ?

;-)

DaveChild DaveChild, 07:35 6 Jan 12

Good idea about the washroom bit.

Sorry, but even though the idea is good, I can't reward you for it like that ... :)

Faruk Faruk, 16:06 31 Jan 12

"C’est combien pour un verre de vin ?" instead of "C’est combien pour une verre de vin ?"

DaveChild DaveChild, 22:38 1 Feb 12

Quite right - thanks Faruk, I've corrected that.

Damien Damien, 07:49 18 Feb 12

Hi, just for information there is 2 way to say 70 and 90
French from France (see up)
French from Belgium and Switzerland : 70 : "septante" and 90 : "nonante"
:)

Matthieu Matthieu, 13:08 4 Oct 12

I like a lot your cheat sheets !
I can help for this one :
- "billet, aller-retour" instead of "billet, allez retour"
- "Parlez­-vous anglais ?" instead of "Parlez­-vous Anglais?" (no capital)
- "sœur" instead of "soeur"
- Ponctuation : in french you have to put a space before the signs ? ! : ;
- maybe "Thank you for your help" instead of "Thankyou for your help" ;-)
- Maybe you can also add that the adjectives have to agree with the noun or the subject : "Je suis perdu" for a male become "Je suis perdue" for a female... "Désolé" become "Désolée"

Hope it can can help...

DaveChild DaveChild, 11:02 9 May 14

Thanks, Matthieu, I've made some changes. Sorry it took so long!

Annie Annie, 16:34 13 Jun 14

Perhaps you could also add words for holiday accommodation eg hotels, motels, apartments, BnBs etc...as lots of tourists travel to France

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