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Intermed French Midterm Cheat Sheet by

french     pronouns     prepositions     plurals     demonstratives

Prepos­itions - Place Names

Place
To
From
city
à
de
country (f ending in e)
en
de la
country (m)
au
du or d'
country (pl)
aux
des

Nation­alities

to refer to inhabi­tant(s)
uppercase
to refer to language
lowercase
as an adjective
lowercase

Plural Nouns

nouns ending in
ending
Regulars
add -s
-s, -x, -z
no change
-eu, -au, -eau
add -x (excep­tions: bleu, pneu)
-ail, -al
change -aux
-ou
add -x
Irregu­lars: bijou, caillou, chou, genou, hibou, joujou, pou
 

Possessive Adjectives

 
f
m
pl
my
ma
mon
mes
your
ta
ton
tes
his
sa
son
ses
our
nôtre
nôtre
nos
your
vôtre
vôtre
vos
their
leur
leur
leurs

Possessive Pronouns

 
f
m
pl
mine
la mienne
le mien
les mien(ne)s
yours s
la tienne
le tien
les tien(ne)s
his/hers
la sienne
le sien
les sien(ne)s
ours
la nôtre
le nôtre
les nôtres
yours pl
la vôtre
le vôtre
les vôtres
theirs
la leur
le leur
les leurs

Object Pronouns

 
singular
plural
Direct
1st person
me
nous
2nd person
te
vous
3rd person
le/la/l'
les
Indirect (connected to à)
1st person
me
nous
2nd person
te
vous
3rd person
lui
leur
ORDER
me/te/­se/­nou­s/vous
le/la/les >>
lui/leur >> y > en
y replaces a prepos­ition of locati­on+­noun; ex. à, en, dans
en replaces an indefinite or partitive articl­e+noun; ex. de
 

Compound Demons­tra­tives

 
f
m
n
singular
celle-ci
celui-ci
ceci
 
celle-la
celui-la
cela, ça
plural
celles-ci
ceux-ci
 
celles-là
ceux-là

Indefinite Adjectives

 
f
m
singular
toute
tout
plural
toutes
tous

Adverbs of Manner

most adjectives
add -ment
adjectives end in -ant or -ent
replace with -emment
vraiment
facilement
lentement
tellement
don't generally place at beginning of clause but put after verb ONLY
Irregu­lars: élégam­ment, intere­ssant, intell­ige­mmant

Adverbs of Manner

most adjectives
add -ment
don't generally place at beginning of clause but put after verb ONLY
Irregu­lars: élégam­ment, intere­ssant, intell­ige­mmant

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