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French Tenses and Negatives Cheat Sheet by

Negatives, Present, Imperfect, Perfect, Simple Future, Conditional
french     tenses     negatives

Present

-ER Verbs
-IR Verbs
-RE Verbs
e
is
s
es
is
s
e
it
ons
issons
ons
ez
issez
ez
ent
issent
ent
Remove the endings and repl­ace them

Condit­ional

Stem endings
Example - manger
Example - répondre
ais
mangerais
répondrais
ais
mangerais
répondrais
ait
mangerait
répondrait
ions
mangerions
répond­rions
iez
mangeriez
répondriez
aient
manger­aient
répond­raient
Stem + ending
For er and ir verbs­-the stem is the infinitive
For re verbs­-the stem is infinitive but chop off the e
For irre­gul­ar­-the stem is the same for the simple future

Reflexive Verbs

Pronouns
Example - s'appeller
me (m')
Je m'appelle
te (t')
Tu t'appelles
se (s')
Il/elle/on s'appelle
nous
Nous nous appelons
vous
Vous vous appelez
se
Ils/elles appellent
Subject + pronoun + verb
m' + t' + s' are used before vowels or silent h
 

Perfect - avoir

Stem endings
Example - chanter
-ER Verbs - é
J'ai chanté
-IR Verbs - i
Tu as chanté
-RE Verbs - u
Il/elle/on a chanté
 
Nous avons chanté
 
Vous avez chanté
 
Ils/elles ont chanté
Subject + auxiliary verb + past partic­iple
Remove the ending and replace them to get past participle
Most verbs use avoir as the auxiliary verb but movement verbs use être

Simple future

Stem endings
Example - regarder
Example - perdre
ai
regarderai
perdrai
as
regarderas
perdras
a
regardera
perdra
ons
regard­erons
perdrons
ez
regarderez
perdrez
ent
regard­erent
perdrent
Stem + ending
For er and ir verbs­-the stem is the infinitive
For re verbs­-the stem is infinitive but chop off the e
For irre­gul­ar­-the stem is the same for the condit­ional

Perfect - Reflexive Verbs

Example - se disputer
Je me suis disputé(e)
Tu t'es disputé(e)
Il/elle/on s'est disput­é(e)(s)
Nous nous sommes disput­é(e)s
Vous vous êtes disput­é(e)(s)
Ils/elles sont disput­é(e)s
Subject + pronoun + form of être + past partic­iple
The past participle should agree with the subject
 

Perfect - être

Stem endings
Example - sortir
-ER Verbs - é
Je suis sorti(e)
-IR Verbs - i
Tu es sorti(e)
-RE Verbs - u
Il/elle/on est sorti(­e)(s)
 
Nous sommes sorti(e)s
 
Vous êtes sorti(­e)(s)
 
Ils/elles sont sorti(e)s
Subject + auxiliary verb + past partic­iple
Remove the ending and replace them to get past participle
Verbs that use être are MRS VAN DER TRAMP
When using être as the auxiliary verb, the past participle has to agree with the subject e.g. Je suis allées <--- f and pl

Imperfect

Stem endings
Example - écouter
ais
écoutais
ais
écoutais
ait
écoutait
ions
écoutions
iez
écoutiez
aient
écoutaient
Stem + ending
To get the stem, get the nous present form of the verb and remove the ons. Then add the endi­ng.
e.g. écouter > écoutons > écout - stem

Negatives

Negatives
English
ne ... jamais
never
ne ... ni ... ni
neither ... nor
ne ... pas
not
ne ... personne
no one, nobody, anyone, anybody
ne ... plus
no more, no longer
ne ... rien
nothing
ne ... que
only
Subject + ne + verb + pas
AKA the negative sandwich

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